Turner syndrome (TS) is a medical condition that impacts about 1 in every 2,500 women. Although scientists don’t know precisely what causes Turner syndrome, they do know that it’s the outcome of a problem with a girl’s chromosomes.
Girls with Turner syndrome are typically brief in height. Those who aren’t treated for brief stature reach an average height of about 4 feet 7 inches (1.4 meters).
Fortunately is that when Turner syndrome is identified while a girl is still growing, she can be treated with growth hormones to assist her grow taller.
Nearly all ladies and women with Turner syndrome need ongoing medical care from a range of experts. Regular examinations and suitable care can assist most girls and women lead relatively healthy, independent lives.
How Does It Happen?
Most women are born with two X chromosomes, however women with Turner syndrome are born with only one X chromosome or they are missing out on part of one X chromosome. The effects differ commonly among girls with Turner syndrome. It all depends on the number of the body’s cells are affected by the changes to the X chromosome.
In addition to development problems, Turner syndrome prevents the ovaries from developing properly, which affects a girl’s sexual development and the ability to have children. Since the ovaries are responsible for making the hormones that manage breast development and menstruation, many women with Turner syndrome will not go through all of the changes associated with adolescence unless they get treatment for the condition. Nearly all girls with Turner syndrome will be infertile, or not able to become pregnant on their own.
Other Effects Turner Syndrome Can Have
A variety of other illness happen regularly in ladies with Turner syndrome, including kidney problems, high blood pressure, heart problems, obese, hearing difficulties, diabetes, and thyroid problems. Some ladies with the condition might have discovering troubles, particularly in mathematics. Numerous have a hard time with jobs that need skills such as map reading or visual organization.
In addition to short stature and lack of sexual advancement, a few of the other physical functions typically seen in girls with Turner syndrome are:
- a “webbed” neck (extra folds of skin extending from the tops of the shoulders to the sides of the neck)
- a low hairline at the back of the neck
- sagging of the eyelids
- in a different way shaped ears that are set lower on the sides of the head than typical
- irregular bone development (particularly the bones of the hands and elbows)
- a bigger than usual variety of moles on the skin
- edema (extra fluid) in the hands and feet
Due to the fact that Turner syndrome can impact how a woman looks and establishes, some ladies may have issues with body image or self-esteem.
People with TS are all various. Some may have lots of physical distinctions and symptoms, whereas other women experience only a few medical issues. With early and suitable treatment and continuous assistance, many can lead typical, healthy, and productive lives.
Detecting Turner Syndrome
Girls with Turner syndrome are normally identified either at birth or around the time they may be anticipated to go through puberty. If a baby lady has some of the signs of Turner syndrome, a doctor will generally purchase an unique blood test called a karyotype (noticable: CARE-ee-eh-tipe). The test counts the variety of chromosomes and can recognize any that are unusually shaped or have missing out on pieces.
In some cases, there are no clear signs that a lady has the condition until she reaches the age at which she would usually go through the age of puberty.
If the karyotype blood test reveals that a girl has Turner syndrome, her doctor might buy extra tests to check for problems with the kidneys, heart, hearing, and other problems that are often connected with Turner syndrome.
Dealing with Turner Syndrome
Since Turner syndrome is a condition that is caused by a chromosomal abnormality, there’s no particular cure. However, researchers have actually developed a variety of treatments that can, for example, help with growth issues– and scientists are continuously looking into brand-new forms of treatment.
Growth hormonal agent treatment can improve growth and influence a woman’s final adult height. In reality, oftentimes, the treatment can help many girls with Turner syndrome reach a last height in the average range, particularly if treatment is begun early in youth.
Another treatment for Turner syndrome is estrogen replacement, which helps the girl establish the physical modifications of the age of puberty, consisting of breast development and menstrual durations. This treatment typically begins when a lady is about 12 or 13.
And a strategy hired vitro fertilization can make it possible for some women with Turner syndrome to end up being pregnant. A donor egg can be used to create an embryo, which is then taken into the uterus (womb) of the lady with Turner syndrome. With appropriate encouraging care, the woman can carry the pregnancy to term and deliver a baby through the normal birth process.
Living With Turner Syndrome
Although women with Turner syndrome may have specific finding out difficulties, the majority of can attend routine school and classes, and typically:
- write well
- find out well by hearing
- memorize details as well as others
- develop excellent language skills
If you have Turner syndrome, you know that it can affect you in several ways. However it’s just a little part of your total physical, psychological, and intellectual self.
Here are some tips that can assist you cope:
- Sign up with a support group for ladies with Turner syndrome. Ask your doctor or parents to learn more or for assistance discovering a Turner Syndrome Society chapter in your area.
- Stay active in sports or hobbies that you delight in.
- Consider doing volunteer work. Assisting other people can enhance your self-confidence and your confidence, too.
- Consider speaking to a professional therapist. A competent counselor or other psychological health expert can help you build your self-confidence and resolve your issues about dealing with Turner syndrome. Discuss this with your parents if you think you might need help.
- Keep a journal or diary in which you can record your ideas and sensations about the obstacles you’re handling.
- Speak with your parents or school counselor if you are having issues at school.
If you have a good friend who has Turner syndrome, keep in mind to respect her emotional and physical needs. For instance, she might not constantly feel comfortable discussing her condition, so let her share just what she feels OK with.
You also can support your pal just by hanging out and doing things you enjoy together and by being a good listener if she relies on you for recommendations or convenience.