For most young boys, talking seriously about their private parts can be a little humiliating. And for teenager boys, the subject is strictly off-limits– especially in front of their mommies. But if you have a kid, it is very important that he knows to tell you or a health care company if he ever has genital pain, particularly in his scrotum or testes.
Genital pain is generally absolutely nothing more than a moderate, brief discomfort. However when it’s more painful, it can be triggered by a very major condition called testicular torsion. Testicular torsion is a medical emergency that typically requires immediate surgery to conserve the testicle.
Testicular torsion is a twisting of the spermatic cord that cuts off the blood supply to the testicle. The signs are a bigger, reddened and tender scrotum (the bag of skin hanging behind the penis) and, in older kids and boys, abdominal or testicular pain and nausea/vomiting. This is a medical emergency situation and needs instant attention.
About Testicular Torsion
Testicular torsion (also called testis torsion) takes place when the spermatic cord that offers blood flow to the testicle rotates and becomes twisted, typically due to an injury or medical condition. This cuts off the testicle’s blood supply and causes abrupt, severe pain and swelling.
Testicular torsion needs instant surgery to repair. If it goes on too long, it can lead to severe damage to the testicle and even its elimination.
Torsion can occur to males of any age, consisting of babies and babies, but is most common in 10- to 25-year-olds and teenagers who’ve just recently gone through adolescence.
Causes of Testicular Torsion
The scrotum is the sack of skin below the penis. Inside the scrotum are two testes, or testicles. Each testicle is linked to the remainder of the body by a blood vessel called the spermatic cable.
Testicular torsion is when a spermatic cable ends up being twisted, cutting off the circulation of blood to the connected testicle.
Many cases of testicular torsion remain in males who have a genetic condition called the bell clapper defect. Normally, the testicles are attached to the scrotum, however in this condition the testicles aren’t attached, and for that reason are most likely to turn and twist within the scrotum.
Testicular torsion likewise can take place after laborious workout, while someone is sleeping, or after an injury to the scrotum. Frequently, though, the precise cause isn’t really known.
Symptoms of Testicular Torsion
If your boy has abrupt groin pain, get him to a healthcare facility emergency room as soon as you can. Testicular torsion is a surgical emergency– when it takes place, instant surgery is needed to conserve the testicle.
Because surgery might be required, it is essential to not give a young boy with testicular pain anything to eat or drink prior to seeking healthcare.
If your child has testicular torsion, he’ll feel a sudden, potentially severe pain in his scrotum and one of his testicles. The pain can get worse or ease a bit, but most likely won’t disappear totally.
- swelling, specifically on one side of the scrotum
- queasiness and vomiting
- abdominal pain
- one testicle appears to be higher than the other
Often, the spermatic cord can end up being twisted then untwist itself without treatment. This is called torsion and detorsion, and it can make testicular torsion most likely to take place again in the future.
If your son’s spermatic cord untwists and the pain disappears, it might be easy to dismiss the episode, but you should still call a doctor. Surgery can be done to protect the testicles and make testicular torsion not likely to occur once again.
Diagnosis of Testicular Torsion
When you get to the medical facility, a doctor will analyze your son’s scrotum, testicles, abdominal area, and groin and may test his reflexes by rubbing or pinching the within his thigh. This usually causes the testicle to agreement, which probably won’t happen if he has a testicular torsion.
The doctor likewise might do tests to see if the spermatic cord is twisted, including:
- Ultrasound: High-frequency waves are used to make a picture of the testicle and check blood circulation.
- Urine tests or blood tests: These can help determine whether symptoms are being caused by an infection rather of a torsion.
Often, a doctor will need to carry out surgery to make a medical diagnosis of testicular torsion. Other times, when the physical exam plainly points to a torsion, the doctor will perform emergency situation surgery with no other testing in order to conserve the testicle.
Saving a testicle ends up being more difficult the longer the spermatic cable remains twisted. The degree of twisting (whether it’s one entire revolution or numerous) figures out how quickly the testicle will become damaged. As a basic rule:
- within about 4-6 hours of the start of the torsion, the testicle can be saved 90% of the time
- after 12 hours, this drops to 50%.
- after 24 Hr, the testicle can be saved only 10% of the time.
Treatment for Testicular Torsion
Testicular torsion usually needs surgery to fix. In unusual cases, the doctor may have the ability to untwist the spermatic cable by physically manipulating the scrotum, however surgery normally is still had to connect one or both testicles to the scrotum to prevent torsion from happening once again.
Most torsion surgeries are done on an outpatient basis (without any over night medical facility stay). If your child has a torsion, he’ll be provided a painkiller and a general anesthetic that will make him unconscious for the procedure.
Surgery includes making a small cut in the scrotum, untwisting the spermatic cable, and sewing the testicles to the inside of the scrotum to avoid future torsions. Afterward, your son will be taken to a recovery space to rest for an hour or more before he’s released.
Following the surgery, your child will have to prevent strenuous activities for a few weeks, and if he’s sexually active, he’ll have to avoid all sex. Speak to the doctor about when it will be safe for your child to go back to his normal activities.
If a torsion goes on too long, medical professionals will not be able to save the afflicted testicle and it will have to be gotten rid of surgically, a procedure referred to as an orchiectomy. Most boys who have a testicle eliminated however still have a viable testicle can dad children later in life. Nevertheless, lots of also choose a prosthetic, or synthetic, testicle a few months after surgery. This can help make some kids feel more comfortable about their appearance.
With newborn young boys, conserving the testicle depends upon when the torsion happens. If it’s before a kid is born, it may be difficult to save the testicle. In this case, the doctor may suggest a surgery at a later date to eliminate the affected testicle. If torsion symptoms appear after a kid is born, the doctor might suggest emergency surgery to correct the testicle.
Do not Overlook Symptoms
Young boys have to understand that genital pain is serious and should not be disregarded. Disregarding pain for too long or simply hoping it goes away can lead to severe damage to the testicle and even its elimination.
Even if your kid has pain in his scrotum that goes away, he still has to inform you or a doctor and get taken a look at. A torsion that goes away makes him more likely to have another one in the future. Doctors can significantly decrease the risk of another torsion by carrying out a basic surgical procedure that secures the testicles to the scrotum.
If your son had a torsion that resulted in the loss of a testicle, it is very important to let him understand that he can still lead a normal life, just like anyone else. The loss of one testicle won’t prevent a man from having normal sexual relations or fathering children.