Chewing, like many developmental abilities, depends upon a structure of earlier experiences and abilities that babies develop. They learn how to accept foods consisting of lumps as they increase their ability with thicker pureed foods. They discover how to bite and chew when they play with toys in their mouths and become experienced with bumpy food textures.
As babies grow older they naturally start to check out things with their mouths, utilizing their lips, tongues and gums to examine shape and texture. Babies who have actually reached this stage of advancement tend to be ready for more solid foods.
Early Texture Experiences
Most infants have their first experience with textures in the mouth when they feel shape, texture, size and temperature level as they put their fingers, items and toys in their mouths. Mouthing activities, which are most typical at 6-9 months, offer babies experience with the new feelings and motions they will require when they encounter foods which contain lumps and need more active tongue, jaw and cheek movements. This is a very safe experience for older babies since the different parts of the toy or item do not come off when the baby bites them. There is no risk of gagging and choking as there may be if their first texture experience were with pieces of food.
First Food Textures
Babies are normally prepared for lumpy solid foods when they are around 8 months old. They need to be sitting well on their own before parents provide these more advanced foods. The mouth skills that they require in order to accept and handle lumps well are built on steadiness and coordination of the body. When babies sit well, they are informing us that they have the physical ability to discover brand-new skills with their mouths.
Babies at first learn to deal with lumps and to chew through two various types of experience with food. These two methods to increasing their eating abilities occur during the exact same age and developmental duration for the majority of babies.
- They learn how to accept more sensory input from thick puree-consistency foods that are still relatively smooth. Gradually they become comfortable when noticable lumps and texture are contributed to the thicker smooth food. These lumps increase the baby’s awareness of texture and welcome higher tongue and cheek movement; nevertheless they do not need any real chewing
- They pick up pieces of soft, meltable solids (i.e. Fruit and Vegetable Puffs, soft crackers, graham crackers). This enables them to feel the more solid food in the mouth and gum and mash it with the tongue and gums. But it melts so quickly that they don’t need to handle pieces that require chewing or that could escape into the back of the mouth when it may set off gagging. They slowly develop the ability handle soft pieces of prepared fruits, vegetables and cheese that don’t in fact melt, but can be mashed with the tongue and do not need actual chewing.
As babies end up being comfortable with the sensation of various textures in the mouth, they find out the skill of arranging and swallowing food that has actually already been chewed. In addition to having higher awareness of the place and size of the pieces, they have a larger range of tongue movements. This assists them to move the food from the side of the mouth to the center of the mouth where the pieces are gathered for swallowing.
We can see older babies and toddlers make chewing movements to break apart larger pieces of food. We often believe that this is all that they have to do to chew food. We may be unaware of the necessary stages that follow this. Children have to move all of the scattered pieces together and transfer them to the back of the mouth for swallowing. Without this capability, they wouldn’t know what to do with food after they had chewed it up.
Moving from Textures to Chewing
As babies move into the toddler period when they are around a years of age, their coordination for chewing develops. They have the ability to move food from the center of the tongue to the side, chew it and move it back to the center once again. If their senses inform them that the food does not require more chewing, they will organize the pieces and move them to the back of the mouth for swallowing. If the food pieces are still too large, they will move them back to the side of the mouth for more chewing. By the time they are 2 or 3 years old they can move food from one side of the mouth to the other in a simple, smooth chewing pattern. This motion of tongue lateralization is what most of us call “chewing”.
Children improve their biting and chewing skills over a duration of 1-2 years. They begin with these early stages between 8 and 12 months. Gradually they develop better coordination and strength that enables them to eat significantly more complicated foods. Between 2 and 443 years they learn to deal with more complicated meats, raw fruits and vegetables, and combination-foods that need various mouth movements at the exact same time. For example, a chunky vegetable soup, firm cereal pieces with milk, or an unpeeled apple require the child to continue to chew the solid pieces of food while all at once swallowing the liquid part. Prior to developing this skill, children will eat the pieces out of the soup and then drink the liquid.
It is very important to introduce new sensorimotor experiences with food extremely slowly. Frequently parents will present mashed or sliced table foods or much of the business 3rd foods as their baby’s first experience with solid foods and expect that their little novice will instantly begin to chew. Most babies will gag or experience food spreading all over the tongue when food is presented in this method. If the food is introduced at an age when the baby has the neurological maturity to manage solids (i.e. by 8-9 months) most will keep trying up until they figure it out. Nevertheless lots of babies become really unpleasant when their first experience with textures sets off a great deal of worry and gagging. They typically choose not to take anything but pureed food when offered future foods that contain textures. These are the children who may establish numerous issues with discovering how to take lumpy foods and reject solid, chewable foods.
Successful First Steps
Babies seem to discover most quickly when parents use the following initial sequence:
Pureed Background with Texture to Mashed Table Food
- Provide chances to check out toys or items with shape and numerous textures with the mouth.
- Offer smooth pureed food thickened with baby cereal or homemade purees that are thick however smooth.
- Present thicker pureed foods with little, soft, regular swellings of the exact same size and texture.
- Advance to foods with a thicker smooth background “sauce” or “gravy” that contain soft lumps that differ in size or texture.
- Present finely mashed table food mixed with a gravy or sauce to bind the pieces together.
- Include wet mashed table food without a particular sauce.
Soft Solid Finger Foods
- Offer meltable solids that can be gummed easily and placed in the mouth by the baby. The essential function is that the baby can get the piece of food and place it in the mouth where it rapidly melts in the saliva. The baby might mash the food for a short time with the tongue or gums but does not have to chew it. These foods would consist of Vegetable Stix, Fruit and Veggie Puffs, graham crackers and other crackers that don’t have a glossy surface area.
- Present soft pieces of solid foods (fruits, vegetables, breads, meats) that can be put in a small nylon bag that is connected to a manage. The baby can position the food bag into the mouth and mash the food to gain sensory experience and taste. Since the pieces stay in the bag, there is no risk that the baby can choke on the food.
- Provide pieces of solid foods that need little chewing but can be mashed with the tongue and gums. These would consist of soft cheese cubes, vegetable and fruit dices that the baby can get and put in the mouth with the fingers, and mashed or finely chopped vegetable and fruit pieces.
- Advance to foods that require more tongue and cheek control for chewing however do not need the grinding movement of the teeth and motion from one side of the mouth to the other that would be needed for meat, salads, raw vegetables etc.
GUIDELINES FOR PARENTS
Encourage and support your baby’s capability to put fingers, safe toys and objects in the mouth and explore them with the jaw, lips, and tongue. Know that this is how most babies develop the first skills that will lead towards handling lumpy foods.
Wait until your baby is sitting independently and is around 8 months old before introducing thicker purees, soft bumpy foods and meltable solid finger foods. Babies need to have the physical and neurological maturity to prosper with chewing. Not all babies are all set for this at the exact same age level.
Babies do not need to have teeth to learn to chew. The initial steps of chewing need just tongue, jaw and cheek movements. Teeth are used later for more complicated foods with fibers that must be broken up by the teeth.
Present foods with swellings extremely gradually to your baby. You can use a baby food mill to produce a really soft, mild texture that can be mixed with a thicker puree.
Introduce brand-new foods to your baby after providing enough of a familiar food or texture when he is not incredibly starving. You can provide your baby the pureed food and then use a little spoonful of the textured food, blended in with the familiar puree. Then provide a spoonful of the pureed food. Gradually you can use numerous spoonfuls of the textured food and follow it with numerous spoons of pureed food. As your baby becomes accustomed to the new texture, she will have the ability to eat simply the textured foods.
If you are utilizing a commercial 3rd baby food, it is crucial to know that various manufacturers use different approaches to making the baby food. Some 3rd foods have relatively large lumps or even little pieces of meat that need some real chewing. Some have a reasonably thin background sauce or gravy. When the baby’s saliva mixes with the food, the sauce relies on a liquid and the baby needs to manage the thin consistency integrated with a chunky texture. Several companies make a better suited 3rd food that has a thick background sauce integrated with soft, regular pieces of food that is a lot easier for babies to handle successfully. You wish to offer your baby a 3rd food that is thick and consists of these soft routine pieces of soft solid food. Purchase single examples of 3rd foods from various baby food companies. Have a look at the background sauce and the “mouth feel” of the food to choose whether it is suitable for your baby’s existing abilities. If the food does not fit your baby’s requirements, you can puree it and offer it as a smooth pureed food. In this method none of the food you buy will be lost.
You can make your own baby food with soft texture or lumps. Use a blender to create a thicker, smooth puree at first. Use a baby food mill to develop a routine texture that you can contribute to the thick puree. Then try out including swellings by finely mashing soft prepared vegetables or fruit with a fork and mixing these into the thicker puree.
Move gradually as you increase the texture and the difficulty for your baby. Let your baby guide you. If he has difficulty with the amount of lumpiness or the size of the pieces in the food, return to a simpler food mixture that he dealt with successfully. When he is succeeding with the food you have served, start to make the pieces of food bigger or consist of a number of different types of pieces in the textured-food meal.
Safety is your greatest concern in choosing foods for your child. Prevent firm foods that are the size of your child’s airway up until she is at least 3 years old. This includes nuts, popcorn, whole grapes and any meat that is not cut up finely. These foods are very unforgiving if the child looses control of the pieces. Food pieces can move into the air passage and obstruct the child’s ability to breathe, leading to brain injury or death from absence of oxygen.