What Are the Signs of Down Syndrome?
Children with Down syndrome are typically identified at birth as a result of the physical attributes associated with the syndrome.
Some children show only a few qualities; others display lots of. Because a few of these functions are also seen in individuals without Down syndrome, genetic testing should be done to confirm the medical diagnosis.
The most common features associated with Down syndrome consist of:
- Low muscle tone (babies appear “floppy”)
- Flat facial functions, with a little nose
- Upward slant to the eyes
- Little skin folds on the inner corner of the eyes
- Small, unusually shaped ears
- Single deep crease across the center of the palm
- Hyperflexibility (extreme capability to extend joints)
- 5th finger has just one flexion furrow instead of two
- Additional area in between the huge toe and the second toe
- Enlarged tongue that has the tendency to stick out
Down syndrome (sometimes called Down’s syndrome) is a condition in which a child is born with an additional copy of their 21st chromosome (hence its other name, Trisomy 21). This causes physical and mental developmental hold-ups and impairments.
Other Health Problems Associated With Down Syndrome
As many as 50% of the children with Down syndrome are likewise born with heart defects. A few of these heart problems are major, and the child may experience heart failure soon after birth. However, not all heart problems are immediately apparent. For this reason, all babies with Down syndrome ought to have an echocardiogram within the first few months of life to check for heart issues. The small flaws might be manageable with medications while the significant ones might need surgery.
People with Down syndrome also have more hormonal problems than the general population. About 10% of babies born with Down syndrome and as many as 50% of adults with Down syndrome have thyroid disease. The most typical thyroid condition is hypothyroidism, slowing of the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism can be treated with medication.
Over half the children born with Down syndrome likewise have visual problems such as crossed eyes, nearsightedness, farsightedness, or cataracts. In a lot of cases, these problems can be treated with glasses or surgery. Hearing problems is also typical. Children with Down syndrome need to have regular vision and hearing tests so any such problems can be dealt with prior to they interfere with language advancement.
People with Down syndrome have a 15-20 times higher risk of establishing leukemia (although it is still uncommon), which usually begins in the first three years and has a high remedy rate. A temporary type of leukemia is also seen in the newborn duration that deals with spontaneously within the first two to three months of life.
Around 10% -12% of babies born with Down syndrome also have irregularities in the gastrointestinal tract that require surgery for correction.
Around 25% of adults over the age of 35 with Down syndrome will show signs of Alzheimer’s disease, a type of dementia. In the general population, Alzheimer’s disease generally does not develop prior to age 50, and just 5% -10% of grownups over 65 establish symptoms.
Call Your Doctor About Down Syndrome If:
You are pregnant or planning pregnancy and you or your partner has a household history of Down syndrome.