If your baby has diarrhea, it’s crucial that you keep him well hydrated, or you may end up needing to go to the emergency room.
If your baby’s dehydrated, it indicates that she does not have as much fluid in her body as she requires. Babies and children are more susceptible to dehydration than adults, and it can happen if your baby takes in less fluid than she loses through vomiting, diarrhea, fever, or sweating. Dehydration can be moderate and quickly remedied, moderate, or severe and harmful.
Signs of Dehydration in Babies
Know the Signs and Proper Treatment
If your baby has diarrhea, it’s essential that you keep him well hydrated, or you may end up having to go to the emergency room.
Babies, in particular, can get dehydrated very quickly if they have a high output of diarrhea. Their little bodies have relatively little fluid reserves and a high metabolic rate that makes it simple to lose the water and electrolytes the body has to work. If fluids are not changed, the result can be critical within a matter of days.
Here are some signs of dehydration to watch out for:
- Less elasticity in the skin
- Eyes and fontanel (or soft spot on head) appear sunken
- Reduction or absence of tears
- Dry mouth
- Decline variety of damp diapers
For your benefit, print the dehydration chart supplied.
Medical professionals typically suggest an oral rehydration solution (ORS) such as Pedialyte, Ceralyte, or Gastrolyte, in small and regular dosages, to obtain a baby’s body rehydrated. Even if the baby is vomiting, parents are encouraged to administer the option. The objective, according to the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, is to avoid the output of fluids from exceeding the consumption. The rehydration treatment will not stop the diarrhea, but it will keep the body hydrated till the health problem runs its course. A person is considered hydrated if there is a regular urine output– a minimum of six wet diapers a day when it comes to babies and toddlers.
The amount of rehydration fluid you must provide your baby depends upon her size and the degree of dehydration. Inning accordance with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), children weighing less than 10 kg (22 pounds) should drink 60 to 120 ml (2-4 ounces) of ORS for each episode of vomiting or diarrhea. And those weighing more than 10 kg ought to drink 120 to 240 ml (4-8 ounces) of ORS.
How to Treat Dehydration
The Rehydration Task offers the following rough guide to the amount of ORS needed in the first 4 to 6 hours of treatment for a mildly dehydrated person:
- As much as 11 pounds: 200-400 ml
- 11-22 pounds: 400-00 ml
- 22-33 pounds: 600-800 ml
- 33-44 pounds: 800-1000 ml
- 44-66 pounds: 1000-1500 ml
- 66-88 pounds: 1500-2000 ml
- 88+ pounds: 2000-4000 ml
For fast recommendation, a rehydration chart is provided at the end of this post.
If severe diarrhea is present, the Fda (FDA) recommends that milk items be kept for 24 to 2 Days because they may be difficult to digest. However, if you are breastfeeding, you should continue to do so. Babies who are bottle-fed must continue to drink formula watered down to half strength. Children need to not drink soda, juices, or sports drinks such as Gatorade. Unlike ORS, they do not contain the right amount of glucose, sodium, chloride, and potassium to appropriately balance the electrolyte levels.
As your child enhances, the pediatrician might advise what is called the BRAT diet: bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast.
If you discover that your child reveals signs of moderate to severe dehydration, you should look for medical attention. Most likely, physicians will draw some blood to inspect your child’s electrolyte levels and prescribe intravenous fluids (IV). Don’t be surprise if treatment consists of nasogastric (NG) tube feedings, in which a small tube is positioned into the child’s stomach through the nose so that fluids may be administered.
Finally, to avoid the spread of the virus that is causing the diarrhea, it is extremely important to wash your hands extremely well and often.
Degree of dehydrationPretty ParchedMoodRestless, irritableEyes or soft spot on head
No tears, sunken
Mouth and tongueDryThirstThirsty, drinks eagerlyUrinationLess regular than normalWhat to doIf your child has two or more of these signs, call your pediatrician, provide liquids or an electrolyte option.
Degree of dehydrationDangerously DehydratedMoodLethargic or not consciousEyes or soft spot on head
Very sunken and dry, no tears
Mouth and TongueVery dryThirstDrinks occasionally or not able to drinkUrinationMinimal or noneWhat to doIf your child has any of these signs, call 911.
Treatment Based on Degree of Dehydration Chart
Degree of dehydrationMinimal or no dehydrationRehydration TherapyJust replacement of losses
Replacement of losses
Children under 22 pounds (10 kg): 2 to 4 ounces (60 to 120 mL) oral rehydration service (ORS) for each diarrheal or stool or vomiting episode
Children more than 22 pounds (10 kg): 4 to 8 ounces (120 to 240 mL) ORS for each diarrheal stool or vomiting episode
Continue breastfeeding, or resume age-appropriate regular diet after initial hydration, consisting of sufficient calorie consumption *.
Degree of dehydrationMild to moderate dehydrationRehydration TherapyORS, 1.6 to 3.3 oz for each 2 pounds of body weight (50 to100 mL per kg body weight) over 3 to 4 hoursReplacement of losses.
Children under 22 lbs (10 kg): 2 to 4 ounces (60 to 120 mL) oral rehydration solution for each diarrheal or stool or vomiting episode.
Children more than 22 pounds (10 kg): 4 to 8 oz. (120 to 240 mL). ORS for each diarrheal stool or vomiting episode.
NutritionContinue breastfeeding, or resume age-appropriate normal diet after initial hydration, including appropriate caloric consumption *.
* Overly limited diets ought to be avoided during bouts of diarrhea. Breastfed babies should continue to nurse even during severe rehydration. Babies too weak to eat can be provided breast milk or formula by medical personnel through a tube. Lactose-containing formulas are normally good. If the baby cannot take in lactose-based formula, lactose-free formulas can be used. Complex carbs, fresh fruits, lean meats, yogurt, and vegetables are all suggested. Carbonated drinks or commercial juices with a high concentration of simple carbs ought to be avoided.