Shaken baby syndrome– likewise known as abusive head injury, shaken effect syndrome, inflicted head injury or whiplash shake syndrome– is a severe brain injury resulting from powerfully shaking an infant or toddler.
Shaken baby syndrome damages a child’s brain cells and avoids his/her brain from getting adequate oxygen. Shaken baby syndrome is a kind of child abuse that can result in permanent brain damage or death.
Shaken baby syndrome is preventable. Help is readily available for parents who are at risk of damaging a child. Parents likewise can educate other caretakers about the threats of shaken baby syndrome.
Shaken baby syndrome is more typical in children under age 2, however it can impact children up to age 5. Most cases of shaken baby syndrome take place amongst babies that are 6 to 8 weeks old, which is when babies have the tendency to cry one of the most.
Symptoms of Shaken Baby Syndrome
Shaken baby syndrome symptoms and signs include:
- Extreme irritation
- Trouble staying awake
- Breathing problems
- Poor consuming
- Pale or bluish skin
Other injuries that might not be initially visible consist of bleeding in the brain and eye, damage to the spinal cord and neck and fractures of the ribs, skull and bones. Proof of prior child abuse also prevails.
In mild cases of shaken baby syndrome, a child might appear typical after being shaken, but in time she or he may establish health, discovering or habits problems.
When to see a doctor
Seek immediate assistance if you suspect your child has been hurt by violent shaking.
Contact your child’s doctor or take your child to the nearby emergency room. Getting treatment immediately may conserve your child’s life or avoid severe health problems.
Health care specialists are lawfully needed to report all thought cases of child abuse to state authorities.
Causes of Shaken Baby Syndrome
Babies have weak neck muscles and typically struggle to support their heavy heads. If a baby is powerfully shaken, his/her vulnerable brain moves back and forth inside the skull. This causes bruising, swelling and bleeding.
Shaken baby syndrome usually happens when a parent or caretaker badly shakes a baby or toddler due to frustration or anger– often because the child won’t stop crying.
Shaken baby syndrome isn’t usually brought on by bouncing a child on your knee, small falls or perhaps rough play.
Treatments for Shaken Baby Syndrome
First aid for a child who has actually been shaken may consist of life-sustaining steps, such as breathing assistance and surgery to stop bleeding in the brain.