Severe Scoliosis in Babies

Scoliosis is a disease impacting the spinal columns of babies, children, adolescents and grownups. As the condition progresses, scoliosis causes a progressive curvature of the spinal column, which can potentially become deadly. While the beginning of scoliosis usually happens in those aged 10 and older, scoliosis can likewise be diagnosed at birth. While scoliosis in babies can be bothersome, it likewise a condition that is highly treatable in the bulk of cases.

Types

Scoliosis in babies is normally classified as either infantile or hereditary, depending upon the kind of back irregularity present. Infantile scoliosis emerges as a lateral curvature of the spinal column in children below three years of age. Infantile scoliosis is rare, representing less than 1 percent of cases of scoliosis in babies. Hereditary scoliosis is a spinal deformity brought on by poorly formed vertebrae, which usually occurs in the sixth week of fetal development.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

While infantile or congenital scoliosis might be identified at birth, symptoms do not normally present until around six months of age. Infantile scoliosis frequently emerges as an S- or C-shaped curvature of the spine. This condition impacts children more often than ladies, and often deals with by itself. You or your doctor might observe that your baby’s body leans in one instructions or one shoulder appears higher than regular. When symptoms present, your physician may conduct an extensive physical examination, provide a spine MRI and take x-rays in order to dismiss other back conditions.

Severe Scoliosis in Babies
Severe Scoliosis in Babies

Causes

Presently, the causes of both infantile and congenital scoliosis are unidentified. According to Morgan Stanley Children’s Health center, one theory suggests that pressure exerted by the uterine walls might cause incorrect development of the spine in some fetuses. A 2nd theory is connected to babies being placed on their backs for long periods of time. A 3rd theory centers on hereditary factors. Nevertheless, the Scoliosis Research Society suggests that no definitive evidence has been presented to support this concept.

Treatment

If your baby is diagnosed with scoliosis, your treatment alternatives will depend on the intensity of the curvature. According to the Scoliosis Research Society, curvatures of less than 25 degrees are generally treated through observation and regular measurement to determine if the curve is intensifying. Infants with more severe curves might be suitabled for a cast or brace, which can help to slow the development of the curvature over time. If these techniques are inadequate, surgery might be required to fuse the vertebrae or set up rods that are designed to align the curvature.

Considerations

If you suspect your baby is revealing symptoms of scoliosis, it’s important to have her evaluated by a doctor as quickly as possible. While the Scoliosis Research Society keeps in mind that the majority of infantile curvatures fix themselves, failure to treat scoliosis can result in substantial back deformities. A progressive curvature of the spine can exert pressure on the lungs, heart and other internal organs and in severe cases might lead to death.

 

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