Diaper rash is a common condition that can make a baby’s skin sore, red, flaky, and tender. Most cases will improve up with basic changes in diapering.
Causes of Diaper Rash
Diaper rash in infants is commonly caused by an irritation, infection, or allergy.
- Irritation. A baby’s skin can get inflamed when a diaper is left on for too long and poop (or the diaper itself) rubs against the skin repeatedly.
- Infection. Urine (pee) alters the skin’s pH levels, which lets bacteria and fungi grow more quickly. The compounds that stop diapers from leaking likewise prevent air blood circulation, producing a warm, damp environment where bacteria and fungi can flourish, triggering a rash.
- Allergies. Infants with sensitive skin also can develop rashes. Particular kinds of cleaning agent, soaps, diapers (or dyes from diapers), or baby wipes can influence delicate skin, triggering a rash.
Also, beginning new foods can alter the material and frequency of a baby’s poop, which can in some cases lead to a diaper rash. And diarrhea can make an existing case of diaper rash even worse.
Diaper rash that lasts for more than a few days, even with changes to the diapering regimen, may be brought on by a yeast called Candida albicans (a type of fungus). This form of the rash is normally red, a little raised, and has little red dots extending beyond the primary part of the rash. It frequently starts in the deep creases of skin and can infect skin on the front and back of the baby. Antibiotics provided to a baby or a breastfeeding mommy can cause this, as they kill off the “great” bacteria that keep Candida from growing.
To prevent diaper rash, keep your baby’s skin as dry and clean as possible and change diapers often so that poop and pee don’t irritate the skin.
Attempt these ideas:
- change your baby’s stained or wet diapers as quickly as possible and clean the area thoroughly
- sometimes soak your baby’s bottom in between diaper changes with warm water; you can gently scoop the water over your baby’s bottom with your hand or squeeze it from a plastic bottle
- enable your baby’s skin to dry entirely before you put on another diaper
- pat the skin carefully with a soft fabric when drying it– rubbing can aggravate skin
- put the diaper on loosely to prevent chafing
- change diapers often– ideally every 2 hours or two– and after every poop
- applying diaper cream or lotion with each diaper change can assist some babies with sensitive skin, but not all babies require this
If you utilize fabric diapers, check the manufacturer’s directions on how to best clean them. Just usage cleaning agents in the quantity suggested, and run an additional rinse cycle after washing to get rid of traces of soap or detergent that can irritate your baby’s skin. Avoid utilizing material conditioners and anti-static sheet– even these can aggravate skin.
Some babies get a rash after switching to a brand-new type of diaper. While experts do not suggest any specific brand, if your child is sensitive you can look for diapers devoid of dyes or scents. Some babies are sensitive to baby wipes; water and a washcloth work just as well and may be a gentler alternative.
Treatment diaper rash in breastfed newborn babies
To help improve diaper rash, inspect your baby’s diaper frequently and change it as quickly as it’s damp or stained. Carefully cleanse the diaper area with soap and water and pat dry. Creams and ointments including zinc oxide or oil help to soothe skin and secure it from wetness. They must be smeared on thickly (like cake icing) at each diaper modification.
Some specialists recommend letting your baby go without diapers for a number of hours every day to provide irritated skin an opportunity to dry and “breathe.” This is most convenient if you put your baby in a baby crib with waterproof sheets or on a huge towel on the floor.
Diaper rash normally goes away within 2 to 3 days with home care, although it can last longer.
When to Talk to the Doctor
If the rash doesn’t go away, worsens, or if sores appear on your baby’s skin, talk with your doctor. Also seek healthcare if your baby has a fever, pus is draining from the severe rash, or if your child is fussier than normal.
Depending on what kind of rash your baby has, the doctor may decide to use an antifungal cream or an antibiotic cream, or might recommend other modifications to your diapering regimen. Sometimes, if those modifications don’t assist a rash caused by an allergy, the doctor might prescribe a mild steroid cream for a few days up until the rash disappears.