What is rubella?
Rubella is a viral breathing disease that’s fairly moderate and rather contagious. Because a lot of children in the United States get the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine, it’s now extremely unusual here. However prior to the first rubella vaccine came along in 1969, the disease frequently spread out amongst preschool and elementary-school children, specifically in the late winter season and early spring.
A child with rubella typically has a measles-like rash and a low fever, although it’s possible for a child to have the virus without showing any symptoms. Rubella is frequently called German measles or three-day measles, but it’s really not the same disease as measles, which is caused by a various virus.
If it’s moderate, why is it unsafe?
Rubella isn’t really unsafe to kids, but it can be ravaging to unborn babies during the first trimester. In fact, the vaccine was developed mainly to secure women of childbearing age before they become pregnant.
A woman infected with rubella during her first trimester has an 85 percent opportunity of having a baby with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), which can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, and severe abnormality, consisting of deafness, loss of sight, and heart and brain flaws.
Pregnant women who got the vaccine as children are unsusceptible to the disease. Those who had the disease as a child might not be.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises that women who are preparing to conceive be checked for immunity to rubella before they become pregnant. If a lady does not have immunity, she ought to receive the MMR vaccine a minimum of one month prior to pregnancy.
Prior to the vaccine was introduced, rubella caused abnormality in 20,000 U.S. babies during an epidemic in 1964 and 1965. Today just about 3 U.S. children a year are born with birth defects triggered by rubella.
Rubella (also called German measles) is a nonserious disease brought on by an infection. Affected kids normally have a red, spotty rash that lasts about three days; they may also have a fever and joint pain.
How do the symptoms establish?
The first sign in children is often an itchy rash, typically beginning on the face and neck and later on spreading to the rest of the body. The rash might look like pink or light red spots, which may combine to form uniformly colored patches. It normally lasts for two or 3 days.
Other symptoms include a low fever (between 100 and 101 degrees Fahrenheit) that lasts about 24 hours; a stuffy or runny nose; red, irritated eyes; and enlarged lymph nodes at the base of the skull, behind the ears, and at the back of the neck.
The majority of children with rubella recover rapidly and entirely. Grownups who contract rubella sometimes suffer complications like arthritis and sleeping sickness (swelling of the brain).
How does rubella spread?
While rubella isn’t really as contagious as measles or chicken pox, an unimmunized baby could become infected by breathing in droplets of saliva or mucus when an infected individual sneezes or coughs.
A child with rubella is thought about contagious from a week before the rash appears to a week after it goes away, although he’s most contagious while he has the rash. If you’re pregnant and were never ever vaccinated, it’s important to stay away from an infected child up until a minimum of a week after his rash vanishes.
Should I call the doctor if I believe my baby has rubella?
Yes. Since rubella is uncommon, your doctor needs to report any cases to the regional public health department. Plus, rubella is easily confused with other diseases such as measles and scarlet fever, so the doctor will probably want to analyze your baby and take blood samples to confirm the diagnosis.
Call the doctor if your baby is 2 months old or younger and his fever goes above 100.4 degrees F, if he’s older than 2 months and his fever reaches 101 degrees F, if he’s 6 months or older and his fever reaches 103 degrees F, or if he has symptoms aside from the fever and rash.
How should I treat rubella?
In the unlikely circumstances that your baby agreements rubella, you will not need to do much since it’s usually an extremely mild illness. Antibiotics will not work versus rubella since it’s caused by a virus, not by bacteria.
You might ask your doctor if it’s all right to give your baby some acetaminophen or ibuprofen if you think the fever is making him unpleasant. Never provide aspirin to a child as it can trigger Reye’s syndrome, an uncommon but possibly deadly health problem.
How can I protect my child against rubella?
Make certain he receives the MMR vaccine. It’s normally provided at 12 to 15 months of age– and again between 4 and 6 years– as part of your child’s set up immunizations.