Roseola is a typically moderate infection that generally affects children by age 2. It periodically affects grownups. Roseola is so typical that the majority of children have actually been infected with roseola by the time they get in kindergarten.
Two common strains of herpes infection cause roseola. The condition generally causes a number of days of fever, followed by a rash.
Some children develop only an extremely moderate case of roseola and never ever show any clear indication of health problem, while others experience the full range of signs and symptoms.
Roseola normally isn’t serious. Rarely, a really high fever can lead to complications. Treatment of roseola consists of bed rest, fluids and medications to reduce fever.
Roseola is a relatively moderate and common viral illness that typically strikes children in between 6 months and 3 years of age. It’s triggered by a kind of herpes virus, although not the type that’s sexually transferred.
Causes of Roseola Virus in Babies
The most typical reason for roseola is the human herpes infection 6, but the cause likewise can be another herpes infection– human herpes virus 7.
Like other viral health problems, such as an acute rhinitis, roseola spreads from individual to person through contact with an infected person’s respiratory secretions or saliva. For example, a healthy child who shares a cup with a child who has roseola could contract the infection.
Roseola is contagious even if no rash is present. That implies the condition can spread while an infected child has only a fever, even prior to it’s clear that the child has roseola. Watch for signs of roseola if your child has connected with another child who has the disease.
Unlike chickenpox and other youth viral health problems that spread out rapidly, roseola seldom leads to a communitywide outbreak. The infection can happen at any time of the year.
Symptoms of Roseola Virus in Babies
If your child is exposed to somebody with roseola and ends up being infected with the virus, it typically takes a week or 2 for symptoms and signs of infection to appear– if they appear at all. It’s possible to become infected with roseola, however have signs and symptoms too moderate to be easily visible. Roseola symptoms might consist of:
- Fever. Roseola normally starts with an unexpected, high fever– often higher than 103 F (39.4 C). Some children might also have a somewhat sore throat, runny nose or cough along with or preceding the fever. Your child may also establish swollen lymph nodes in his or her neck along with the fever. The fever lasts 3 to 5 days.
- Rash. When the fever subsides, a rash generally appears– but not constantly. The rash includes lots of little pink spots or spots. These spots are typically flat, however some may be raised. There may be a white ring around some of the spots. The rash usually begins on the chest, back and abdomen and then spreads to the neck and arms. It may or may not reach the legs and face. The rash, which isn’t itchy or uneasy, can last from numerous hours to several days prior to fading.
Other signs and symptoms of roseola may include:
- Irritability in babies and children
- Moderate diarrhea
- Decreased appetite
- Swollen eyelids
When to see a doctor
Look for instant treatment
Your child might have a convulsion (febrile seizure) if his or her fever ends up being high or spikes quickly. However, usually by the time you discover your child’s high temperature, the threat of a possible seizure has currently passed. If your child does have an unusual seizure, seek treatment right away.
Call your child’s doctor
Call your child’s doctor if:
- Your child has a fever greater than 103 F (39.4 C).
- Your child has roseola and the fever lasts more than 7 days.
- The rash does not enhance after three days.
Call your doctor
If your immune system is jeopardized and you are available in contact with somebody who has roseola, call your doctor. You may require tracking for a possible infection that, for you, might be more severe than it is for a child.
Treatments for Roseola Virus in Babies
Many children recuperate totally from roseola within a week of the start of the fever. With your doctor’s guidance, you can offer your child non-prescription medications to decrease fever, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others).
Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teens. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than age 3, children and teens recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms must never ever take aspirin. This is due to the fact that aspirin has actually been connected to Reye’s syndrome, an unusual however possibly dangerous condition, in such children.
There’s no particular treatment for roseola, although some doctors may prescribe the antiviral medication ganciclovir (Cytovene) to treat the infection in people with weakened resistance. Antibiotics aren’t effective in treating viral illnesses, such as roseola.