Occupational therapy (OT) treatment concentrates on helping individuals with a physical, sensory, or cognitive special needs be as independent as possible in all areas of their lives. OT can assist kids with various requirements enhance their cognitive, physical, sensory, and motor abilities and improve their self-confidence and sense of accomplishment.
What Is Pediatric Occupational Therapy?
Some people may believe that occupational therapy is just for adults; kids, after all, do not have professions. But a child’s main job is playing and discovering, and occupational therapists can examine kids’ abilities for playing, school efficiency, and everyday activities and compare them with what is developmentally proper for that age group.
Inning accordance with the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), in addition to dealing with a someone’s physical well-being, OT specialists attend to psychological, social, and environmental aspects that can impact operating in various ways. This technique makes OT a vital part of health care for some kids.
An occupational therapist (OT) should have a master’s degree. She can carry out an evaluation of a child’s problems and develop a plan to attend to these issues. An occupational therapy assistant (OTA) has an associate’s degree. The OTA can deal with examination tasks under the supervision of a licensed OT.
Kids Who Might Requirement Occupational Therapy
According to the AOTA, kids with these medical problems may take advantage of OT:
- birth injuries or abnormality
- sensory processing disorders
- distressing injuries (brain or spinal cord)
- finding out issues
- autism/pervasive developmental disorders
- juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
- psychological health or behavioral issues
- damaged bones or other orthopedic injuries
- developmental hold-ups
- post-surgical conditions
- spina bifida
- terrible amputations
- severe hand injuries
- multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and other chronic illnesses
Physical therapists may:
- help kids work on great motor abilities so they can comprehend and release toys and develop good handwriting abilities
- address hand– eye coordination to improve kids’ play and school skills (hitting a target, batting a ball, copying from a chalkboard, and so on)
- aid kids with severe developmental delays find out basic tasks (such as bathing, getting dressed, brushing their teeth, and feeding themselves)
- assistance kids with behavioral disorders maintain positive behaviors in all environments (e.g., instead of striking others or acting out, utilizing positive ways to deal with anger, such as blogging about feelings or taking part in a physical activity)
- teach kids with physical disabilities the coordination skills had to feed themselves, use a computer, or increase the speed and legibility of their handwriting
- assess a child’s requirement for specific devices, such as wheelchairs, splints, bathing devices, dressing devices, or communication helps
- deal with kids who have sensory and attentional concerns to improve focus and social abilities
How Physical Therapy and OT Differ
Although both physical and occupational therapy help enhance kids’ quality of life, there are differences. Physical therapy (PT) handles pain, strength, joint variety of motion, endurance, and gross motor working, whereas OT deals more with great motor abilities, visual-perceptual skills, cognitive abilities, and sensory-processing deficits.
Occupational Therapy Professionals
There are two expert levels of occupational practice– occupational therapist (OT) and physical therapist assistant (OTA).
Since 2007, an OT must complete a master’s degree program (formerly, just a bachelor’s degree was needed). An OTA is only needed to complete a partner’s degree program and can carry out treatment plans developed by the occupational therapist but can’t complete examinations.
All occupational therapy practitioners must complete monitored fieldwork programs and pass a national certification examination. A license to practice is obligatory in the majority of states, as are continuing education classes to maintain that licensure.
Occupational therapists work in a variety of settings, consisting of:
- medical facilities
- rehabilitation centers
- mental health facilities
- private practices
- children’s centers
- nursing houses
Finding Take care of Your Child
If you believe your child might gain from occupational therapy, ask your doctor to refer you to a professional. The school nurse or guidance counselor also may be able to advise someone based upon your child’s academic or social efficiency.
You likewise can check your local yellow pages, search online, or contact your state’s occupational therapy association or a nearby hospital or rehab center for referrals.
However you find a physical therapist for your child, make certain that your medical insurance company covers the program you select.