The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is recommended for all children. It secures versus three possibly serious illnesses. It is a two-part vaccination, and in a lot of states, you must show your children have gotten it until they can go into school. If you are a grownup who has actually not had the vaccination or the diseases, you might need the MMR shot, too.
What Are Measles, Mumps, and Rubella?
Measles, mumps, and rubella are viral diseases. All can be very serious.
Measles starts as a fever, cough, runny nose, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), and a red, identify rash that starts on the face and infects the rest of the body. If the virus contaminates the lungs, it can cause pneumonia. Measles in older children can lead to inflammation of the brain, called sleeping sickness, which can cause seizures and mental retardation.
The mumps infection usually causes swelling in glands just listed below the ears, giving the appearance of chipmunk cheeks. Until the vaccine, mumps was the most typical cause of both meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord) and obtained deafness in the United States. In men, mumps can infect the testicles, which can cause infertility.
Rubella is also referred to as German measles. It can cause a mild rash on the face, swelling of glands behind the ears, and in many cases, swelling of the small joints and low-grade fever, according to iytmed.org. Most children recover rapidly without any lasting results. However if a pregnant woman gets rubella, it can be devastating. If she’s infected during the first trimester of pregnancy, there’s at least a 20% chance her child will have a birth defect such as loss of sight, deafness, a heart problem, or mental retardation.
Who Should and Shouldn’t Get the MMR Vaccine?
MMR is a two-shot series of vaccines generally offered during childhood. A child must receive the first shot when he is between 12-15 months, and the 2nd when he’s between 4-6 years of age.
If you’re uncertain if you have had the diseases or the vaccines (prior to 1971 it was given up three separate shots), you can get the MMR vaccine as an adult. Talk to your doctor about it if:
- You were born after 1956. (If you were born during or before 1956, you are presumed to be immune, since numerous children had the diseases then.)
- You operate in a medical facility.
- You are preparing to or might become pregnant.
MMR vaccine for children: how often should be done (recommended frequency)
Children should get 2 dosages of MMR vaccine:
- 1st Dose: 12-15 months of age
- 2nd Dose: 4-6 years of age (might be offered previously, if at least 28 days after the 1st dose).
Some infants below 12 months should get a dose of MMR if they are taking a trip out of the country. (This dosage will not count toward their regular series.)
You should not have the shot if:
- You have a severe allergic reaction following the first MMR shot.
- You are allergic to gelatin or neomycin.
- You might be pregnant or are planning to end up being pregnant in the next 4 weeks. (The vaccine is safe if you are breastfeeding.).
- Your body immune system is weak due to the fact that of cancer drugs, corticosteroids, or AIDS.
Measles, mumps and Rubella vaccine side effects
Many people who get the MMR vaccine have no side effects. Some have fever or minor discomfort and redness where they got the shot.
Other possible problems are less typical. They include:
- Fever (1 in 5 children).
- Rash (1 in 20).
- Swollen glands (1 in 7).
- Seizure (1 in 3,000).
- Joint pain/stiffness (1 in 100 children; more typical in adults, particularly women).
- Low platelet count/bleeding (1 in 30,000).
- Encephalitis (1 in 1 million).
For many years, some have suggested that the MMR vaccine is linked to autism spectrum disorder. The CDC perseveres that there’s no proof to support that idea. The benefits that the vaccine brings in disease prevention far exceed any possible dangers.