Every body possesses a skeleton, made up of bones. These bones allow you to move, they safeguard your organs and provide a shape to your body. During your lifetime, your bones grow and change with you, enabling you to change from a child to a grownup. As an adult, you end up with fewer bones than you had as a child.
Number of Bones in Babies
A human baby is born with around 300 bones. As the child develops, a few of these bones fuse together to form the 206 bones of the adult human skeleton. In reality, the newborn cranium has three instilled plates at birth to permit the baby’s visit pass through the birth canal. The bones of the skull fuse together as the child ages.
Children typically have more cartilage than adults, and much of the newborn skeleton is still cartilage at birth. Over time, this cartilage develops into bone by the process of ossification. Specialized cells called “osteoblasts” are responsible for making new bones and reconstructing damaged bones. For their skeletons to develop appropriately, infants require a remarkable amount of calcium, such as that found in breast milk and formula. A nursing mom often requires calcium supplements to avoid bone loss while breastfeeding.
Bones include four materials: periosteum, compact bone, cancellous, and bone marrow. The periosteum is the outer surface area of the bone; it includes nerves and capillary that supply nutrients to the bone. The 2nd layer, compact bone, is what is seen in an X-ray. Listed below compact bone, you will find cancellous material. This layer is a strong, sponge-like product that safeguards the bone marrow. The jelly-like bone marrow, the inner part of the bone, produces blood cells.
How Bones Fuse Together
As a child grows, some of his bones fuse together, reducing the overall countable number of bones in his body. This is due to the fact that when a baby is born, a few of the bones begin as cartilage. As the baby ages, the cartilage structures slowly ossify, or harden, and change products. During ossification the bones fuse together to create an adult skeleton.
Promoting Bone Growth
The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, or PCRM, points out that for bones to effectively fuse, children need to remain healthy and active. Exercise permits bones to work and become more powerful. Eating vegetables and fruits and calcium-rich foods supplies nutrients for healthy bones. Sunshine provides vitamin D to the body, which manages how the body uses calcium. Without sunshine, the body will not be able to develop healthy, strong bones.
Protecting Your Bones
Inning accordance with KidsHealth, it is vital for children to safeguard their bones so they can fuse together effectively. Children need to wear helmets to protect the skull when riding a bike or scooter. Children need to likewise wear protective equipment when playing sports to prevent bones from being hurt and harmed.