Thrombocytopenia is a condition that can be managed in children as long as they are well taken care of and the environment they reside in must be matched to their requirements. For more details on low platelet count in children.
Thrombocytopenia is the term utilized to explain a low platelet count. Platelets are blood cells accountable for clotting blood and avoiding excessive bleeding. There are numerous factors for a decreased platelet count in children, but in basic, thrombocytopenia results from reduced platelet production, increased destruction of platelets or enhanced sequestration, occurring when the spleen records an extreme number of platelets. See your pediatrician if your child has symptoms of this condition.
Symptoms of Low Platelet Count in Children
The normal count of platelets in a child is around 160 to 500 x 109/L. The thrombocytopenia condition emerges when the platelet count is below 100 x 109/L. The lower the platelet numbers, the greater the risk of hemorrhage and bleeding.
A child with thrombocytopenia will reveal the following symptoms:
- Bleeding from the gums
- Consistent nose bleeding
- Bruising that is unexpected
- Petechiae or small red spots which are under the skin
- Urine that is brown, red or pink in color
- The bowel movements that are black or bloody
- The child will vomit a substance that looks like ground coffee or is bloody
- The vision will alter or the child will experience headaches
- After a scrape or cut he/she will pity too long
Causes of Low Platelet Count in Children
Platelets are formed in the bone marrow with other blood cells, and any process that impacts the bone marrow can reduce the production of platelets. For example, clear cancers such as leukemia can shut down the bone marrow, decreasing not just the variety of platelets but the number of the other blood cells also. Bacterias such as mumps, Epstein-Barr– which causes contagious mononucleosis, and parvovirus can also decrease the production of platelets, generally by reproducing within the cellular precursor of platelets. Chemotherapy drugs, which reduce the bone marrow, likewise cause reduced platelet levels in children.
The most typical reason for enhanced destruction of platelets in children is a condition called idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, or ITP. This condition takes place when the body wrongly targets platelets as foreign or getting into cells. The body produces antibodies against platelets. These antibodies then signify the body’s body immune system to ruin the platelets. This causes an unexpected decrease in the platelet count. The majority of them children with ITP have a precedent viral disease that sets off the abnormal immune response. Children with ITP frequently present with nosebleeds, simple bruising, and bleeding from the gums and other surface areas.
Another common disease that causes thrombocytopenia in children is hemolytic-uremic syndrome, or HUS. This condition occurs after infection from a certain strain of E.coli, a common cause of diarrhea and gastrointestinal disorder. Children with HUS experience thrombocytopenia and kidney failure.
The spleen is part of the body’s immune system, and in specific conditions it can record an excessive number of platelets, decreasing their numbers in flow. This can occur if the spleen ends up being bigger by any number of conditions, including cirrhosis of the liver as a result of hepatitis infection.
Treatments of Low Platelet Count in Children
The treatment of low blood platelets in children depends on what has caused it, total health, the child’s age (gestational) and the level of the case history of the disease. The child’s tolerance for particular procedures, treatments or medication is also put into account.
When it concerns chemotherapy, children with thrombocytopenia either get a smaller dosage or await long between the cycles in chemotherapy. If the platelet count is listed below 20 and the child experience bruising a lot or bleeding, then they may need a platelet transfusion.
Keep in mind: the child should not be provided any medication without speaking with the doctor.