Many parents do everything they can to safeguard the health and well-being of their baby. Some babies experience scenarios though, that might impact hormone levels in the body, causing illness. Cortisol, a type of steroid produced by the body, might be produced in low levels for a baby, causing severe symptoms that need treatment. Low cortisol levels in a baby can happen for various reasons.
Cortisol is produced by the adrenal glands, which are discovered on top of the kidneys. Cortisol is a type of corticosteroid, and is accountable for managing blood pressure and blood sugar level in the body. Cortisol also assists the body react to stressful circumstances. It is at its highest level in the body the first thing in the morning and gradually reduces throughout the day, according to research at the University of California-Berkeley. Cortisol levels are measured by a blood test, and the normal levels for a newborn infant are between one and 24 micrograms per deciliter.
One prospective reason for low cortisol levels in babies is the result of chronically demanding scenarios. A study by the University of California at Berkeley found that babies and children who resided in demanding conditions, such as those with a depressed parent or those residing in poverty, had low levels of cortisol. Cortisol levels may likewise reduce in a baby since of illness or injury, spokens cigna.com.
Hypopituitarism is a condition where there is low function of the pituitary gland. This gland produces hormonal agents that stimulate the adrenal glands to produce cortisol. Hypopituitarism can lead to low levels of development hormonal agent, which slows the development of body cells. Babies might be a normal weight and size at birth, but in time, begin to grow a growing number of gradually until they are smaller in weight and stature than other babies of the very same age. They might also have low levels of salt in the blood stream, and male babies might have little genital structure, according to Northern New Mexico College.
Addison disease is a condition found in individuals of all ages and can be the result of low cortisol levels. According to Merck, around 70 percent of individuals with Addison disease have adrenal insufficiency due to an autoimmune reaction of the body attacking the adrenal glands. In babies, Addison disease can present with skin pigmentation; weight loss; poor feeding; hypoglycemia; and low blood pressure. An infant who develops Addison disease may not respond well to demanding events, which can complicate recovery after a health problem or surgery.
Treatment of low cortisol levels depends on the cause, but usually includes using steroids. Infants with Addison disease are treated with doses of hydrocortisone, which they should take for the rest of their lives. Hypopituitarism may be alleviated by growth hormonal agent replacement therapy till a baby grows up into a normal height and weight for his age, Northern New Mexico Collge says. Other treatments also focus on caring for symptoms connected with low cortisol. Blood glucose changes might need to be kept track of and treated with insulin, and blood pressure issues might need medications for policy.