Brain diseases come in various forms. Infections, injury, stroke, seizures, and tumors are some of the major categories of brain diseases. Here’s an overview of numerous illness of the brain.
List of the Brain Diseases in Babies
- Apnea of Prematurity
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Bell’s Palsy
- Brachial Plexus Palsy
- Brain Tumours
- Cerebral Palsy
- Chiari Malformation
- CNS Vasculitis
- Epilepsy and Seizures
- Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
- Friedreich’s Ataxia
- Hydrocephalus and Treatment: Shunts and Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy
- Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVH)
- Movement Disorders
- Neural Tube Defects
- Periventricular Leucomalacia (PVL)
- Spina Bifida: Meningocele and Myelomeningocele
- Sydenham’s Chorea
- Tethered Cord
- White Matter Damage (WMD)
Symptoms of Infant Brain Damage
Inning accordance with the Brain Injury Association of America (BIA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Avoidance (CDC), terrible brain injuries are among the leading causes of long-term specials needs or death in infants and children. Mental retardation can happen either from blunt force trauma to the infant’s head (less typical, however possible with a forceps extraction injury), from a long labor where the brain is compressed in the birth canal for far too long, or, more likely, from a difficult labor that at one point leads to the infant losing oxygen. If you feel your infant experiences brain damage, it is essential to understand the symptoms, although some symptoms may not appear up until several years after the brain injury.
What are the Symptoms of Baby Mental retardation?
A few of the first symptoms and signs of mental retardation can be detected soon after birth by looking at the infant’s look. Although not always present in all infants who suffer from brain damages, some of the typical symptoms and signs soon after birth include:
- Unusually large forehead
- Abnormally-shaped spine
- Distorted facial features
- Uncommonly little heads (more prominent in smaller babies)
- Neck stiffness
- Difficulties in focusing the eyes
Babies with brain damage may also show an irregular personality, with symptoms consisting of:
- Problems with sleeping while lying down
- Extreme sobbing
- Issues with feeding
- Exceedingly fussy for no apparent reason
Some symptoms of brain damage might not appear till the child starts trying to undergo developmental turning points. The symptoms of mental retardation are determined in a few different methods: cognitive, perceptual, physical, and behavioral or emotional.
Cognitive symptoms are usually determined as the child grows older and possibly misses regular developmental actions. The most common symptoms consist of troubles with.
- Attention and concentration
- Memory and processing information
- Processing language
- Managing impulses
Sometimes mental retardation isn’t apparent up until children enter school and a discovering special needs is presumed and detected, such as attention deficit hyper condition (ADHD) or attention deficit disorder (ADD). In other circumstances, mental retardation can manifest itself in more obvious ways with learning impairments such as Asperger’s Syndrome or Autism.
Perceptual symptoms are sometimes more difficult to identify, however symptoms include:
- Spatial disorientation
- Modifications in vision and/or hearing
- Heightened sensitivity to pain
As the baby grows older, extra physical symptoms may manifest. Some physical symptoms may be difficult to detect (such as headaches) whereas other symptoms might be more obvious. Some of the more obvious symptoms consist of:
- Extreme tiredness
- Sleeping disorders
- Light level of sensitivity
Other physical symptoms include missing developmental turning points such as:
- Pulling themselves up without assistance
- Hopping or skipping
- Walking up and down stairs without assistance
- Feeding themselves without help
- Tying shoes, drawing, and coloring without help
- Sitting up alone, without assistance
- Getting dressed without support
- Holding things without dropping them and with a firm grasp
How is Baby Brain Damage Identified?
Most of infant mental retardation cases are detected by observing the telltale symptoms together with either an MRI or a CT head scan. Both of these tests offer medical images of the brain and communicate to the doctor whether there is a brain hemorrhage or a skull fracture. In addition, an EEG might also be used, a test that determines the electric pathways of the brain to make sure that the communications are typical and strong.
With children and babies under two years of age, evaluating their psychological is harder when compared with older children and adults. For that reason, a CT scan is just advised if an assessment reveals that they have less than a score of 15 on the Glasgow Coma Scale. The Glasgow Coma Scale is a neurological scale that assists to offer a trusted recording of an individual’s conscious state. Babies are scored on a scale of 3 through 15. Children under two years of age that have a score of 15 may still be eligible for a CT scan based upon the physical findings of symptoms, the experience of the doctor, adult permission, and/or if the symptoms are intensifying. Many people with a rating of 15 who still have a CT scan are usually less than 3 months of age.
What is the Treatment and Prognosis for Infant Brain Damage?
Depending upon the results of the CT scan (if relevant) or MRI scan, treatment might consist of range of things. A brand-new method, healing cooling, decreases body heat in babies in an effort to stop impairments that come along with brain damage, such as spastic paralysis, intellectual impairments, and epilepsy.
Other treatment choices include:
- Physical and occupational therapy
- Acute treatment, which may consist of putting the baby on a mechanical ventilation system in order to decrease pressure on the brain
- Medications that assists attention, concentration, and aggressive habits
- Adaptive devices used to promote self-reliance in practical skills
- Rehabilitation services
The prognosis for brain damage depends on the seriousness of the damage. If your child has a severe brain injury that involves swelling, surgery, abovementioned might be required, but most babies and children successfully undergo surgery with only small problems.
However, it is essential to keep in mind that even believed surgery will decrease swelling and help maintain blood and oxygen flow to the brain, your child may still have developmental hold-ups and other specials needs indefinitely. In some instances, surgery might not help the problem. If surgery does not fix the issue, physicians might put an intracranial tracking device on the skull, which keeps an eye on brain activity. As soon as the issues are identified, proper treatment typically follows. For example, if there is bleeding in the skull cavity, it may have to be drained pipes. If there is still severe swelling accompanied by harmed brain tissue, physicians may need to surgically eliminate the damaged brain tissue in order to provide enough space for the healthy brain tissue.
If the brain damage is such that of an intellectual disability or a school-aged learning impairment is the main battle for your child, there isn’t really any cure, however your child can find out how to browse the world with occupational therapy and possibly physical therapy.