Children and toddlers, sadly, aren’t immune to bug bites. Mosquitoes, flies, ants and other pests can bite your child, just like they bite you.
What to Do If Insect Bites Baby
My child was bitten or stung by some sort of pest. Should I be worried?
It’s typical for children to get bitten and stung by bugs, and generally, the reaction is a mild one. Mosquitoes, biting flies, ticks, and some spiders frequently cause just itching or minimal stinging and small swelling. Stings from bees, wasps, hornets, yellow coats, and fire ants can be painful, though. Your child’s response will depend upon how sensitive he is to the particular bug.
What if he’s allergic to the bug?
In rare cases, a child may have a severe allergy to a bite or sting, which could be fatal. The most typical bugs to cause serious responses are yellow coats, honeybees, paper wasps, hornets, and fire ants. If your child has any of the following symptoms after an insect bites her, call an ambulance:
- wheezing or trouble breathing
- vomiting or abdominal pain
- hives or a rash on other areas of her body
- drowsiness or confusion, potentially indicating shock
- fast heartbeat
- swelling of lips or throat
While awaiting medical help, lay your child down with the stung body part listed below the level of her heart, if possible. Loosen any tight clothes, turn her on her side to avoid choking if she throws up, and cover her with a blanket. Try to keep her calm.
If your child loses consciousness, administer CPR up until help arrives. (If your child is below a year old, administer infant CPR.)
Emergency medical personnel can supply your child with a shot of epinephrine when it comes to a severe allergy. This will normally stop the response before your child’s throat closes or she passes out.
If you determine or suspect that your child is allergic to a bug, talk with her doctor. He might refer you to a specialist for verification, states iytmed.org. With your child’s doctor or the allergist, you’ll wish to develop an action plan to follow in case of a response. And you’ll have to make certain that everyone who is ever in charge of caring for your child understands the plan totally.
The doctor may suggest that you carry an epinephrine auto-injector (such as an EpiPen or Twinject), which he can recommend and show you how to use. These devices look like magic markers and instantly administer the right dose of epinephrine to stop an allergy.
It’s likewise a smart idea to have your child use a medical-alert bracelet, so that if she’s bitten or stung her caregivers will understand that it’s a medical emergency.
How do I treat a insect bite if my child doesn’t have an allergic reaction?
If there’s a stinger, eliminate it by scraping it out with your fingernail or a charge card. (Pulling it out with your fingers or tweezers might squeeze more of the venom into your child’s body.)
Wash the area thoroughly with soap and water. You can help relieve any swelling or itching by applying an ice pack, calamine lotion, or a paste made from baking soda and water. (If the bite is close to your child’s eye or genitals, don’t use calamine or baking soda paste.)
If your child seems very uncomfortable, ask his doctor about providing him an antihistamine to alleviate the itching. She may also recommend offering your child the suitable dose of acetaminophen or (if he’s 6 months or older) ibuprofen. Never ever give your child aspirin, which can cause a rare but possibly deadly condition called Reye’s syndrome.
Can an insect bite or sting cause an infection?
A bite or sting can end up being infected within a few days, particularly if your child scratches it.
Be specifically thorough about keeping your child’s nails brief in the summertime, so she won’t scratch away.
If you observe swelling or a dispersing area of soreness around the bite, or if your child has a fever, give her doctor a call. He may choose to put her on antibiotics.
If a tick bites your child, watch for signs of Lyme disease– in particular, a circular rash or a ring around the bite. Take your child to the doctor immediately if you notice this indicator.
Also be aware that mosquitoes can also transfer West Nile virus. Symptoms of this virus are normally mild and flu-like, though an extremely small percentage of those with West Nile will have more serious reactions, and some will have no symptoms at all. Any symptoms generally appear three to 15 days after the bite.
We plan to travel outside the country. Should I be concerned about insects?
In some nations, mosquitoes, flies, fleas, and other insects bring serious diseases like malaria and yellow fever. About three months prior to your trip, ask the doctor if your child will require shots or prescription medication to avoid him from getting these diseases if he’s bitten while taking a trip.
Learn more about how other mosquito-borne illnesses like Zika, dengue fever, and chikungunya can impact your child if you’re taking a trip to parts of the world where outbreaks of these viruses are taking place.
How can I prevent my child from getting stung or bitten by ant, bug or mosquito?
Most industrial insect repellents that are marketed as safe to use on infants and young kids will do a fair job of keeping mosquitoes away. (Check to make sure that the product you pick is safe for use on children. Keep in mind that repellents are not recommended for use on children below 2 months.) Likewise take these actions:
- Gown your child in light-colored clothing that covers as much of her skin as possible when she’s going to be outdoors.
- Prevent intense colors and flowery prints. If she’s going to be in a woody area, have her wear long trousers and tuck completions into her socks.
- Don’t let your child playing around outside barefoot.
- Do not use fragrant soaps or lotions, which draw in some bugs.
- Avoid insect hangouts– stagnant water, high turf or weeds, flower gardens, uncovered food, and open garbage cans, for example. Keep dishes of food covered when you’re eating outside.
- Teach your child not to swat at flying pests.
- Repair any broken screens in your doors and windows at home. You might likewise use mosquito netting over your child’s infant seat, playpen, backpack, or stroller when you have her outdoors during bug season.
- Try to keep your animals without fleas.
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