Many babies vomit small amounts from time to time, and raise some milk when they burp. This is known as possetting and is typically nothing to stress over.
But if your baby is frequently ill, or if he vomits big quantities, it can be a cause for issue. Here are some possible causes of this type of vomiting.
The typical causes of spitting up or vomiting differ according to age. During the first few months, for example, most infants will spit up percentages of formula or breastmilk, normally within the first hour after being fed.
Why Infants Vomit So Often?
The long name for reflux is gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR). Babies get reflux because the muscular valve at the end of the food pipeline, which keeps food in the stomach, is still developing. This implies that when your baby’s belly is full, food and stomach acid can recede up his food pipeline.
Reflux might cause your baby to raise a little milk after a feed, and can also give him hiccups. He might occasionally cough after raising milk if a little has actually gone “down the wrong way”. This is typical and, as long as your baby is otherwise well, you do not need to stress.
However, a more severe case of reflux can cause your baby to be ill, often after feeding. He might cry and cough a lot too.
If your baby isn’t really feeding well or seems upset, see your doctor. She might prescribe an antacid developed for babies, or potentially a feed thickener that can be contributed to revealed breastmilk or formula.
Cow’s milk allergy or intolerance
If your baby’s allergic to cow’s milk, it implies his immune system responds to cow’s milk proteins. An intolerance means he has problem digesting lactose, which is the natural sugar discovered in milk.
Cow’s milk proteins and lactose are discovered in lots of formula milks. They’ll likewise make their way into your breastmilk if you eat or drink milk or other dairy items, such as cheese and yoghurt.
If your baby has a cow’s milk allergy or intolerance, he might vomit after feeding. It can be challenging to tell the difference in between this and reflux. But if your baby has problems with cow’s milk, he may also have:
- trouble placing on sufficient weight
If you’re fretted that your baby has issues with cow’s milk, there are actions you can take. If you breastfeed your baby, you could ask your doctor about cutting cow’s milk from your diet for a while. If your baby’s formula-fed, attempting a hypoallergenic formula may help.
Speak with your doctor before trying either of these, though. She’ll wish to check your baby’s symptoms first, so she can be sure of what’s causing them. If your doctor suspects that your baby does have a cow’s milk allergy or intolerance, she may refer him to a specialist.
A stomach bug
If your baby’s vomiting starts suddenly, or if he likewise has diarrhoea, he may have a stomach bug such as gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis can be triggered by a viral or bacterial infection If you believe this might be the case, call your doctor. She may ask for a sample of your baby’s poo to discover the best way to treat your baby.
Vomiting and diarrhoea indicate your baby is losing precious fluids. These fluids must be changed, to prevent dehydration. Provide your baby sips of an oral rehydration solution (ORS), a few times an hour. Your doctor or pharmacist will have the ability to advise you about which option is best for your baby. You can give it to him together with his usual breastmilk or full-strength formula, and water.
An illness or infection
Your baby may be vomiting because he has an infection or disease. If so, you may observe other signs of illness too, such as:
- anorexia nervosa
- a rash
- a stuffy nose
Vomiting can also be among the symptoms of:
- scarlet fever
- a urinary tract infection
- an ear infection
It can also be a symptom of more severe health problems such as meningitis, which need fast treatment. So take your baby to the doctor straight away if you’re at all concerned.
This is an unusual condition that can cause your baby to vomit forcefully within half an hour of feeding. Pyloric stenosis is probably to start when your baby is about six weeks old, however could show up at any time before he reaches four months. It can in some cases run in households, and young boys are about 4 times more likely to get it than women.
Pyloric stenosis happens due to the fact that the muscle managing the valve leading from the stomach into the intestines has thickened. This prevents the valve from opening enough to let food and milk through, so it remains in the stomach or returns up. The issue is quickly remedied with minor surgery. See your doctor if you believe your baby has pyloric stenosis.