What are the itchy, raised red patches on my young child’s skin?
Your child might have hives, also referred to as urticaria. It is in some cases described as nettle rash, or wheals. Hives are raised, swollen areas on the skin that are really itchy. They may appear on any part of your child’s body, and normally come and go for anything from a few hours, to a couple of days. Hives prevail, especially in kids.
If your child has hives, her rash may start as small raised patches, or wheals, which have to do with 0.4 to 0.8 inches wide. These wheals might be red or white, and will be surrounded by an area of redness. Later, these wheals may join together with others, making the rash more extensive.
See what hives appear like in our rashes and skin conditions gallery.
Why does my toddler have hives?
The most typical cause for hives in toddlers is a viral infection, such as a cold or flu.
Or your child may have developed hives as a result of an allergic reaction to:
- Food, such as nuts, eggs, chocolate, citrus fruits, strawberries, shellfish, and food additives.
- Environmental irritants triggered by irritants such as nettles, plants, latex, and chemicals. If your young child dislikes cats, she might break out in hives when she strokes one.
- Medicines, in specific antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen. This may occur about a week after your child has actually begun a medication for the first time, or during a subsequent course of the drug.
- Insect bites and stings. If your child dislikes bees or red ants, for instance, she might develop hives in response to being stung or bitten.
- Heat. Your child might break out in hives if she becomes overheated, such as after a particularly active play session or on an extremely hot day.
Make a note of the time when the hives first appeared, for how long they lasted, and any possible triggers you can think about. This will help your doctor to work out what has actually caused the hives. Though remember that it’s typically not possible to recognize the cause.
How should I treat my toddler’s hives?
Hives frequently settle without the requirement for treatment. Nevertheless, if your child’s hives are especially itchy or swollen, take her to your doctor. He may recommend an antihistamine medicine to reduce the swelling and itching. If your child’s hives are severe, she may need to take a course of corticosteroid tablets.
You can likewise try these treatments at home:
- Rub calamine lotion on her rash to soothe the itchiness.
- Keep hers nails brief and clean to minimise damage to her skin if she aims to scratch.
- Dress her in clothing made from natural fibers, such as cotton, to lower any inflammation to her skin.
- If you think specific detergents or skin care items might be making her condition worse, try options. Non-biological cleaning liquid and mild cleansers and soaps are gentler on your child’s skin.
Could having hives cause an issue for my young toddler?
Hives that are triggered by an allergic reaction can often be an early sign that your child is having an anaphylactic response. Symptoms begin very rapidly, and can be life-threatening.
Call 999 and request an ambulance right away if your child has hives and develops other symptoms, such as:
- trouble with breathing
- swelling of her lips, tongue and the lining of her mouth and throat
- a quick heart rate
- skin that feels cold and clammy
- loss of awareness
- nausea and throwing up