Hepatitis B Vaccine for Newborns


Hepatitis B virus impacts the liver. Those who are infected can become long-lasting providers of the virus and may establish long-lasting problems such as cirrhosis (liver disease) or cancer of the liver.

Hepatitis B Vaccine for Newborns

What are the benefits of the hepatitis B vaccine for newborn babies?

The hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) secures your child versus the hepatitis B virus, which can result in liver damage as well as death.

Hepatitis B is generally thought about an adult disease because it’s transferred through unsafe sex and shared needles. But lots of people who get it– consisting of children– do not participate in these high-risk habits. They’re either infected at birth or they contract the disease during childhood from close contact with another individual who is infected.

Hepatitis B is extremely transmittable. An approximated 700,000 to 1.4 million individuals in the United States have the virus, and the majority of them acquired it in childhood.

Lots of never feel sick and don’t know they have the disease, but those who become infected as children are more likely to have long-lasting health issue, such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. In 2013, almost 1,900 Americans passed away from illnesses associated with hepatitis B.

hep b vaccine newborns
Hep b vaccine for newborns

The hepatitis B vaccine was presented in 1981 and entered into the recommended immunization schedule in the United States in 1991. Ever since, the incidence of acute hepatitis B has actually stopped by more than 95 percent in children and teenagers, and by more than 75 percent in general.

The number of new infections each year has actually declined from approximately 260,000 in the 1980s to an estimated 19,800 in 2013. The greatest decline was among children and adolescents.

What’s the recommended schedule?

Recommended number of dosages: Three shots.

Suggested ages

  1. At birth
  2. In between 1 and 2 months
  3. In between 6 and 18 months

Women in the United States are screened for hepatitis B during pregnancy. If you test favorable, your baby ought to get an injection of hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG), along with the hepatitis B vaccine, within 12 hours of birth to provide short-term protection.

Who should not get the hepatitis B vaccine?

A child who had a dangerous allergic reaction to a previous dose of hepatitis B vaccine need to not be immunized with it once again.

If your child didn’t get hepatitis B shots as a baby, and she’s had a deadly allergy to baker’s yeast (the kind used in bread), she should not get the hepatitis B vaccine since it’s made with that type of yeast.

Are there any safety measures I should take?

In general, the hepatitis B vaccine isn’t as efficient in preemies if they get it prior to they’re 1 month old, states iytmed.org. If you have a preemie, speak to your child’s doctor to learn when your baby can get the vaccine.

All children who are reasonably to badly ill must wait until they recover before getting the hepatitis B vaccine.

Hepatitis B vaccine side effects in infants

Some children feel discomfort at the injection site, and a few establish a low-grade fever. Severe allergic reactions are rare but possible with any vaccine.

See what our professional says about how to tell whether your child is having an adverse reaction.

Despite reports, there’s no evidence linking the hepatitis B vaccine to SIDS or autoimmune disorders, such as multiple sclerosis or diabetes.

If your child has a negative response to this or other vaccine, talk to your child’s doctor and report it to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System.

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