Recent research validates that proper screening can determine whether a child is at risk for autism as young as one year. While every child develops in a different way, we also know that early treatment enhances outcomes, frequently drastically. Research studies show, for example, that early intensive behavioral intervention improves learning, interaction and social abilities in young children with autism spectrum conditions (ASD).
Typical Early Signs of Autism in Toddlers
One of the most important things you can do as a parent or caretaker is to discover the early signs of autism and become familiar with the normal developmental milestones that your child need to be reaching.
The following “red flags” may show your child is at risk for an autism spectrum disorder. If your child shows any of the following, please do not postpone in asking your pediatrician or family practitioner for an assessment:
- No big smiles or other warm, cheerful expressions by 6 months or afterwards
- No back-and-forth sharing of noises, smiles or other facial expressions by nine months
- No babbling by 12 months
- No back-and-forth gestures such as pointing, revealing, reaching or waving by 12 months
- No words by 16 months
- No meaningful, two-word phrases (not consisting of mimicing or repeating) by 24 months
- Any loss of speech, babbling or social skills at any age
Many children with autism spectrum condition (ASD) might reveal developmental differences when they are children– specifically their social and language abilities. Due to the fact that they usually sit, crawl, and walk on time, less obvious distinctions in the advancement of gesture, pretend play, and social language typically go unnoticed. In addition to delays in spoken language and behavioral distinctions, households may notice distinctions in their child interacts with his/her peers.
One child with ASD will not have precisely the same symptoms as another child with ASD– the number and severity of symptoms can vary significantly.
Social Differences in Children with Autism
- Doesn’t keep eye contact or makes hardly any eye contact
- Does not respond to a parent’s smile or other facial expressions
- Doesn’t take a look at items or events a parent is taking a look at or pointing to
- Does not indicate items or occasions to get a parent to take a look at them
- Doesn’t bring items of personal interest to show to a parent
- Doesn’t frequently have suitable facial expressions
- Not able to view what others might be believing or feeling by taking a look at their facial expressions
- Does not reveal concern (compassion) for others
- Unable to make friends or uninterested in making friends
Interaction Differences in Children with Autism
- Does not point at things to indicate requirements or share things with others
- Does not state single words by 16 months
- Repeats exactly what others say without comprehending the meaning (often called parroting or echoing).
- Doesn’t react to name being called but does respond to other noises (like a car horn or a feline’s meow).
- Describes self as “you” and others as “I” and may mix up pronouns.
- Frequently doesn’t appear to want to communicate.
- Doesn’t start or cannot continue a conversation.
- Does not use toys or other objects to represent people or reality in pretend play.
- May have an excellent rote memory, specifically for numbers, letters, songs, TV jingles, or a specific subject.
- May lose language or other social milestones, normally in between the ages of 15 and 24 months (typically called regression).
Behavioral Differences (Repetitive & Obsessive Behaviors) in Children with Autism
- Rocks, spins, sways, twirls fingers, strolls on toes for a very long time, or flaps hands (called “stereotypic behavior”).
- Likes regimens, order, and routines; has problem with change.
- Consumed with a few or unusual activities, doing them repeatedly during the day.
- Plays with parts of toys rather of the entire toy (e.g., spinning the wheels of a toy truck).
- Does not seem to feel pain.
- May be really sensitive or not sensitive at all to smells, sounds, lights, textures, and touch.
- Uncommon use of vision or look– looks at things from unusual angles.
Signs of Autism According to Age
Here are some examples that might assist a parent determine the early signs of autism.
At 12 Months
- A child with common advancement will turn his head when he hears his name.
- A child with ASD might not rely on look, after his name is duplicated a number of times, however will respond to other noises.
At 18 Months
- A child with delayed speech skills will point, gesture, or use facial expressions to make up for her lack of talking.
- A child with ASD may make no effort to make up for delayed speech or might restrict speech to parroting what is heard on TV or what she just heard.
At 24 Months
- A child with normal development brings an image to reveal his mother and shares his delight from it with her.
- A child with ASD may bring her a bottle of bubbles to open, but he does not look at his mother’s face when she does or share in the satisfaction of playing together.
Trust Your Instincts
If you have issues about how your child plays, finds out, speaks, acts, or relocations, talk with your pediatrician. Prior to you go to the visit, complete a totally free developmental milestone list, and check out these suggestions about “How to Talk with the Doctor.” Remember, you understand your child best and your concerns are necessary. Together, you and your pediatrician will discover the best way to assist your child. If you’re anxious about the doctor’s guidance, look for a consultation. Don’t wait. Performing early can make a big distinction!