Fibromyalgia in Children

Fibromyalgia in Children

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia, likewise called fibrositis, is a chronic, extensive pain in muscles and soft tissues surrounding the joints throughout the body, accompanied by tiredness. The disease is relatively typical, impacting approximately 2 percent of the U.S. population, mostly females.

Although its symptoms are similar to other joint illness, such as arthritis, fibromyalgia is in fact a type of soft tissue or muscular rheumatism that causes pain in the muscles and soft tissues.

Fibromyalgia is one of a number of pain syndromes consisted of in the classification of musculoskeletal pain syndrome (MSPS), or pain amplification syndrome.

Fibromyalgia can be tough to spot in children because it’s far more typical in grownups. Most of the time fibromyalgia affects women over age 18. Even so, in between 1% and 7% of children are believed to have fibromyalgia or comparable conditions.

What Causes or Sets off Fibromyalgia?

Although the cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, scientists think there might be a link with sleep disruption, mental stress, or immune, endocrine, or biochemical irregularities. Fibromyalgia generally impacts the muscles and the points at which the muscles attach to the bone (at the ligaments and tendons).

What are the Symptoms of Fibromyalgia?

Pain is the most common and chronic symptom of fibromyalgia. Pain may begin in one area of the body, such as the neck and shoulders, but eventually the entire body may become affected. The pain varies from moderate to severe and may be referred to as burning, soreness, tightness, aching, or gnawing pain. Fibromyalgia is normally connected with particular tender spots of pain in the muscles. The following are other typical symptoms of fibromyalgia. Nevertheless, each child may experience symptoms in a different way. Symptoms might include:

  • Moderate to severe fatigue
  • Decreased workout endurance
  • Sleep problems at night
  • Depressed mood
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Poor school presence
  • Headaches

Symptoms of fibromyalgia might look like other medical conditions or issues. Constantly consult your child’s doctor for a diagnosis.

How is Fibromyalgia Diagnosed?

There are no lab tests that can validate a medical diagnosis of fibromyalgia. Instead, medical diagnosis is generally based upon reported symptoms. Lab tests and other tests, such as X-rays, may be performed in order to eliminate other causes of the symptoms shown by your child.

Fibromyalgia in Children

What is the Treatment for Fibromyalgia?

Particular treatment for fibromyalgia will be identified by your child’s doctor based on:

  • Your child’s overall health and case history
  • Degree of the condition
  • Your child’s tolerance for particular medications, treatments, and therapies
  • Expectation for the course of the disease
  • Your viewpoint or preference

Although there’s no cure for fibromyalgia, the disease can frequently be effectively handled with appropriate treatment, as fibromyalgia doesn’t cause damage to tissues. Treatment might consist of:

  • Anti-inflammatory medications (to alleviate pain and enhance sleep)
  • Pregabalin (or Lyrica– approved by the FDA in 2007 to treat fibromyalgia in adults, but there are few research studies in children)
  • Exercise and physical therapy (to extend muscles and enhance cardiovascular physical fitness)
  • Relaxation techniques to assist relieve pain
  • Heat treatments
  • Occasional cold applications
  • Massage
  • Short-term use of antidepressant medication at bedtime (to enhance sleep and state of mind)
  • Workout

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