What Is the Difference Between ADD and ADHD?



Attention deficit disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood conditions. ADHD is a broad term, and the condition can differ from individual to person. There are an estimated 6.4 million detected children in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Avoidance.

The condition is also referred to as interest deficit condition (ADD), though this is considered an outdated term. The American Psychiatric Association launched the Diagnostic and Analytical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) in May 2013. The DSM-5 altered the criteria necessary to detect somebody with ADHD

Keep checking out to learn more about the types and symptoms of ADHD. 

Types of ADHD.

There are three types of ADHD:

1. Inattentive

This is what is normally described when someone uses the term ADD. This suggests an individual shows enough symptoms of negligence (or simple distractibility) but isn’t really hyper or spontaneous.

2. Hyperactive-Impulsive

This type occurs when a person has symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity however not negligence.

3. Combined

This type is when a person has symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.


Any child can be fidgety or have trouble paying attention. But a child with ADHD has these symptoms to a degree that they can end up being an interruption at home or in the class.

The 3 primary symptoms are:

  • negligence
  • hyperactivity
  • impulsiveness

With each set of symptoms, there are a number of requirements that a child will need to fulfill in order to be detected. The number of requirements required for a diagnosis can differ by age. Children up to age 16 must show six or more symptoms. Anyone over the age of 17 only needs five.

Symptoms have to exist for at least six months and have to be improper for a child’s developmental level.


Negligence, or difficulty focusing, is one symptom of ADHD. A child can be identified as inattentive if the child:

  • is quickly sidetracked
  • is forgetful, even in day-to-day activities
  • fails to provide very close attention to details in school work or other activities, consisting of making negligent mistakes
  • has trouble keeping attention on tasks or activities
  • disregards a speaker, even when talked to straight
  • does not follow guidelines, cannot complete schoolwork or tasks, and loses focus or is easily side-tracked
  • has difficulty with organization
  • dislikes and prevents tasks that require long periods of mental effort, such as homework
  • loses crucial things needed for tasks and activities (e.g., books, keys, wallet, phone).

Hyperactivity and Impulsivity.

A child can be diagnosed as hyperactive or spontaneous if the child:.

  • seems constantly on the go.
  • exceedingly talks.
  • has severe trouble waiting for their turn.
  • squirms in their seat, taps their hands or feet, or fidgets.
  • stands up from a seat when continuing to be seated is expected.
  • runs around or climbs in inappropriate circumstances.
  • is unable to silently play or take part in pastime.
  • blurts out a response before a question has been completed.
  • invade and interrupts others constantly.

More Requirements.

In addition to symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, a child or adult must fulfill the following additional requirements:.

  • display screens numerous symptoms prior to the age of 12.
  • exhibits symptoms in more than one setting, such as school, at home, with good friends, or other activities.
  • programs clear proof that the symptoms hinder their functioning at school or work, or impact their ability to socialize with others.
  • the symptoms are not described by another condition, such as psychotic, state of mind, or stress and anxiety conditions.

Adult ADHD.

Adults with ADHD have normally had the condition given that childhood, but it might not be diagnosed up until later on in life. An evaluation typically takes place at the prompting of a peer, member of the family, or co-worker who has actually observed issues at work or in relationships.

Adults can be identified with any of the 3 subtypes of ADHD. Adult ADHD symptoms can be somewhat different from those experienced by children due to the fact that of the relative maturity of adults, in addition to physical distinctions between grownups and children.


The symptoms can range from moderate to severe, depending upon a person’s distinct physiology and environment. Some individuals experience mild inattentiveness or hyperactivity when they perform a job they do not take pleasure in, but they have the ability to focus on tasks they like. Others might experience more severe symptoms. These can have an unfavorable effect in school, at work, and in social scenarios.

Symptoms appear to be more severe in unstructured group scenarios (for instance, on the play ground) than in more structured scenarios where rewards are provided (in the class). Other conditions, such as anxiety, anxiety, or a learning impairment might get worse symptoms. Some individuals report that symptoms go away with age. For instance, an adult with ADHD who was hyperactive as a child may discover that they’re now able to remain seated or curb some impulsivity.


Fortunately is that you are one step better to finding the right treatment to help you cope by determining your type of attention deficit disorder and its seriousness. Make certain to discuss all your symptoms with your doctor so you get an accurate diagnosis, as this is the primary step to obtaining proper treatment.


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