Your body produces white blood cells (leukocytes), which help fight bacterial infections, viruses and fungis. If your child has too couple of or too many leukocyte, in general, here’s what it implies:
- Low leukocyte count (leukopenia) implies having too few leukocytes flowing in the blood. A long-lasting low leukocyte count increases the risk of infections and might be caused by a variety of different diseases and conditions.
- High leukocyte count (leukocytosis) means having too many leukocytes distributing in the blood, generally from having an infection. A number of various diseases and conditions may cause a long-term high white blood cell count.
There are several types of white blood cells, each with a different disease-fighting activity. The main types are:
Leukocyte conditions including a specific type of white blood cell consist of:
- Neutropenia. Neutropenia (noo-troe-PEE-nee-uh) is a low number of neutrophils, a type of white blood cell that fights infections of fungi and bacteria. Neutropenia can be triggered by cancer or by illness, conditions or infections that harm bone marrow. In addition, specific medications and other illness or conditions can cause neutropenia.
- Lymphocytopenia. Lymphocytopenia (lim-foe-sie-toe-PEE-nee-uh) is a decline in lymphocytes, the type of leukocyte that, among other jobs, secures your body from viral infections. Lymphocytopenia can result from an acquired syndrome, be associated with particular illness, or be a side effect from medications or other treatments.
- Monocyte conditions. Monocytes assist eliminate dead or damaged tissue and control your body’s immune response. Infections, cancer, autoimmune diseases and other conditions can cause an increased variety of monocytes. A reduced number can be the outcome of toxins, chemotherapy and other causes.
- Eosinophilia. Eosinophilia (e-o-sin-o-FIL-e-uh) is a higher than regular variety of eosinophil cells, a kind of disease-fighting white blood cell. Eosinophilia can be caused by a variety of conditions and conditions, most commonly by an allergy or a parasitic infection.
- Basophilic conditions. Basophils represent just a little number of white blood cells, but they have a function in injury healing, infection and allergic reactions. A decreased variety of basophils can arise from high thyroid hormone levels, allergic reactions or infections. An increased number can be brought on by particular types of blood cancer, low thyroid hormone levels or other conditions.
What could cause high white blood cell count in a child?
MY son has high leukocyte count he s only 5. what could be incorrect with him he also wishes to inspect his kidneys he said do not get to stressed?
There are a couple of various causes of a raised leukocyte count. Considering that the white blood cell are involved in battling infections in the body, almost always a leukocyte count that rises means that your son has actually just been eradicating an infection.
The most typical situation where this occurs is that you bring your child to the pediatrician for a routine examination see, and the doctor orders regular checkup blood work that returns with a high white blood cell count. This normally just means that your child has simply gotten over some viral infection (like a cold), and the usual thing to be done is to just duplicate the blood work in a couple of weeks to make sure that the count has actually boiled down.
In unusual cases, a high leukocyte count can be a sign of a severe problem, most usually a blood cancer like a leukemia or a lymphoma. Even though this is not at all common, this is the reason that your pediatrician is being cautious and examining extra blood work. It will be necessary to followup closely with them to make sure that whatever turns out normal.
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