Blue Baby Syndrome

Blue baby syndrome is an unusual condition which is related to a host of congenital abnormalities. The characterstic symptoms associated with the condition can be treated based upon the cause for the blue baby syndrome. This article provides a breif insight into blue baby syndrome.

Blue Baby Syndrome establishes when the blood cannot transfer and convey appropriate quantities of oxygen through the body. The disorder may be acquired; or gotten as a consequence to undue direct exposure to antibiotics, nitrates and fatal chemicals discovered in food and water.

Blue baby syndrome establishes when there happens an elevation in the concentration of methemoglobin, a non oxygen carrying enzyme that is synthesized by the body, that is changed into hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying enzyme, by an enzyme called the methemoglobin reductase. 6 months and younger babies have tiny amounts of this enzyme; hence, the condition gets activated when the baby is exposed to the triggers.

Often cyanosis is brought on by serious heart or lung or hemoglobin (blood pigment) problem. These babies need comprehensive and careful evaluation and timely treatment. The resulting condition is called Genetic Cyanotic Heart Disease. It is actually not one single disease however a group of diseases where baby is blue and is born with flaw in the heart.

Blue Baby Syndrome Symptoms

  • Blue discoloration of the skin: Boost in the levels of methemoglobin in the blood results in a decrease in the quantity of oxygen. Accordingly, the skin, fingernails and lips end up being blue. A basic bluish staining is seen at birth, in inherited Blue Baby Syndrome, whilst, in gotten Blue Baby Syndrome, the blue staining develops quickly, and is accompanied by gasping, breathlessness, weariness, fatigue and lassitude and minimized awareness.
  • Difficulty in breathing: Elevation of methemoglobin makes the baby less alert, sluggish, and tired. Respiratory distress leads to hard and labored. Increased salivation, convulsions and unconsciousness may occur as well.
  • Delayed development: The brain receives little oxygen, hence, mental and physical development is somewhat delayed, seizures might occur, and there may be mental degeneration.
Blue Baby Syndrome

Blue Baby Syndrome Causes

Blue Baby Syndrome establishes when the level of methemoglobin in the blood increases, which occurs since of contamination of the ground water by nitrates (created by the fertilizers, insecticides, etc.), resulting in a decrease in the oxygen bring ability of hemoglobin.

A problem in the heart is another typical cause. Heart disorders that might set off Blue Baby Syndrome consist of:

  • Tetralogy of fallot
  • Tricuspid atresia
  • Hypo-plastic left heart syndrome
  • Dextro-transposition of the fantastic arteries

Blue Baby Syndrome Treatment

Prompt diagnosis and immediate treatment are extremely essential for the effective management of the case. The doctor will purchase blood tests, X ray and ECG to determine the right diagnosis.

Treatment depends upon the etiological aspect for the condition and the strength of clinical symptoms. Methemoglobinemia can be easily managed with medicines. Severe heart flaws need particular drugs and/ or heart surgery.

The treatment schedule comprises of: drugs, watchful tracking and open heart surgery. Shunting, arterial switch operation, Fontan procedure and Damus-Kaye-Stansel strategy are the frequently carried out surgeries. These are invasive heart surgeries, and are not always required.


What Causes the Sclera to Change Color in Children?

The colored part of the eye is called the iris. The color of your iris is identified by the genetic material acquired from your parents. The majority of people’s eye color remains continuous after the age of 3. Eye discoloration can, nevertheless, occur later on in life and might be triggered by genes, disease or medication. You ought to consult an eye doctor if you observe modifications in the color of your sclera– the white part of your eye– or your iris to eliminate medical issues.

What Causes the Sclera to Change Color in Children?


Although eye color is normally thought to be genetic, researchers are starting to understand that there is a complex, multi-genetic process that really determines eye color. One element of this process is the creation of melanocytes, or the cells which produce pigmentation. Individuals who have blue eyes have little to no melanocytes in their iris while people with brown eyes have the biggest number of melanocytes. Melanocytes are also responsible for hair and skin color. Just as aging can activate biological changes to melanocytes in hair, leading to grey hair, it might also cause changes to melanocytes in the iris, leading to modifications in eye color.


Eye staining can often be a symptom of specific illness and medical conditions. Primary acquired melanosis, for example, is a medical condition that frequently affects middle-age or elderly caucasians, leading to a brown irregular look to the sclera of the eye. While main obtained melanosis does not generally affect the health or performance of the eye, it should be kept an eye on. Inning accordance with scientists at the University of Utah John A. Moran Eye Center, certain forms of primary obtained melanosis can progress to cancer malignancy, a really lethal form of skin cancer. Other illness and medical conditions that can cause eye staining consist of Addison’s disease, macular degeneration, and pigmentary glaucoma.

What Causes the Sclera to Change Color in Children


Eye color changes can sometimes result as a side effect of medication or organic supplements. Argyrosis is a condition where the sclera develops a bluish gray color due to the deposit of silver into the skin tissue and is typically triggered by excessive intake of silver salts. Latanoprost, a medication used to treat glaucoma and eye pressure conditions, can increase brown pigmentation in the eye, triggering light eyes to become darker. Long term use of prednisone might also cause staining of the sclera.


Eye staining might often take place as a result of injury to the eye. Stanford University geneticist Azita Alizadeh cites singer David Bowie as an example of a person who experienced eye color modifications due to injury. Bowie, who appears to have one dark eye and one blue one, received an eye injury during a fight which triggered his pupil to stay enlarged, providing the look of one darker iris. Injury to the eye can cause permanent discoloration to the sclera or might cause injury to the melanocytes, causing them to increase or reduce pigmentation production.

What causes the sclera to change color in children?

Why would a child’s sclera modification color? I ‘d never ever seen before, however my daughter’s sclera have actually been looking strangely blue in the recently, that makes me wonder if there’s something seriously incorrect with her eyes. Is this simply a thing I’ve never heard of previously, or should I have her seen by an expert?


The color of a person’s sclera can occasionally give us ideas to other things that might or might not be going on. The best doctor to evaluate this problem would be your child’s pediatrician. He or she will have the ability to analyze you child’s sclera and have the ability to either re-assure you that absolutely nothing is going on, make a medical diagnosis, or possibly refer you to a professional. The sclera of the eye is the large white area on the outsides of the iris. It can appear red when capillary within the eye dilate providing the so called “blood shot” appearance. The sclera can turn yellow when the body has high levels of bilirubin in it. This can be triggered by blood illness or by liver diseases. When the sclera turns blue, it usually means absolutely nothing. Nevertheless, it can be a sign of a syndrome called osteogenesis imperfecta, a disease that makes the bones really breakable. The blue sclera is generally an non-important finding, as most children with this disease get numerous damaged bones. I recommend that considering that there are uneasy possibilities with a blue sclera, that I would set up that pediatric appointment earlier than later on. All the best.


Baby Urine Color and Meaning

A change in urine color can be distressing for patients and physicians alike. A lot of the causes of abnormal urine color are benign results of medications and foods; nevertheless, a modification in urine color might suggest an underlying pathological condition. Fortunately is that in some cases the diagnosis can be figured out from a thorough history and urinalysis. This post provides a number of the conditions physicians may experience and will help them form a narrow differential medical diagnosis and treatment strategy.

Baby Urine Color Meaning

Abnormal urine color can be upsetting to patients, their family members, and clinicians alike. Patients expect a description for any alterations in the color of their urine, and rightfully so. Unfortunately, tiny bit of original research study exists concerning urine staining. Much of the information comes from case credit reports. More complicating the issue is that there is no objective, standardized way to explain urine color. One author may use the term “dark” to explain findings without totally specifying the term to suggest either a bolder shade of yellow, muddy brown, orange, and even a crimson red.

More than 20 years back, the Southern Medical Journal published an evaluation post on the differential diagnosis of numerous urine colors. Although helpful at that time, clinicians are unlikely to carry out benchtop chemistry tests such as including hypochlorite bleach to urine samples to determine the existence of aminosalicylic acid. The present review efforts to note a lot of the conditions doctors may experience and help them form a slim differential medical diagnosis and treatment plan.

Red Urine in Baby

The first problem we encounter with word “red” is that the term is broad enough to include the colors pink, tones of red, orange, brown, or black, depending upon which clinician views the sample. Whenever a patient establishes red urine, the physician must always order a urine dipstick and urinalysis to search for the presence of red blood cells or hemoglobin. If blood is really present, then the differential is broad and includes conditions of the renal gathering system and hematologic system, and contamination from menstrual blood. Extra workup will be assisted depending on the patient’s history and physical examination. A computed tomography scan might clarify a physiological issue such as entrapment of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta, typically referred to as Nutcracker syndrome. A transfusion reaction, glucose-6 -phosphate dehydrogenase shortage, sickle cell anemia, or thalassemia can cause a hemolytic anemia and darken the urine to a deep reddish color.

urine color sample

Even without the existence of blood, dark red urine might be a threatening sign. The classification of illness jointly known as porphyria can provide with dark urine, abdominal pain, photosensitive rashes, or neuropsychiatric complaints. The disease is tough to spot because it is uncommon. In addition, many health center labs are ill equipped to carry out porphyrin analysis on urine, further delaying treatment.

A relatively new advancement in United States toxicology practice is using hydroxocobalamin for cyanide poisoning. The standard treatments for cyanide poisoning– amyl nitrite, salt nitrite, and salt thiosulfate– can induce methemoglobinemia, more minimizing the oxygen-carrying ability of red cell. Hydroxocobalamin works by integrating with cyanide to form cyanocobalamin (vitamin B). An unintentional yet benign effect of its administration is to color the skin and urine red. The effects normally diminish after a few days.

Other medications related to red urine development consist of warfarin, phenazopyridine, rifampin, ibuprofen, and deferoxamine. Certain foods such as carrots (carotene), blackberries, and beets can sometimes cause red urine. Strangely enough, beeturia seems to be connected to the co-ingestion of oxalate-containing foods such as rhubarb, spinach, and oysters.

Lastly, a patient with factitious disorder may present with red urine from including blood or another red-colored material straight to his or her sample. These patients might present with otherwise nonspecific complaints and will go through a substantial however useless workup. Malingering is challenging to identify and may need repeat urine samples obtained under direct observation to finally discover the condition.

Orange Urine Meaning

Continuing along the spectrum of red conditions, orange urine may be a symptom of one of the above-named conditions or ingested drugs such as high-dose riboflavin, phenazopyridine, and isoniazid. According to one research study, 50 % of isoniazid users will discover discoloration, making the finding common however insensitive when checking for compliance. The discovery is safe and needs no further workup if there are no added problems.

Strangely enough, one case file discusses an infant with orange urine triggered by a urinary tract infection. The evident cause was a Gram-negative bacillus that produces indole from tryptophan. The conclusion reached by the authors is peculiar because indole reactions typically produce blue, green, or purple urine.

My Baby Has Brown Urine

As red urine ends up being darker, some clinicians might interpret the color as brown. As a result, any of the conditions or ingestions listed above ought to be thought about whenever a sample is believed to be brown. In the 1980s, a case series on acetaminophen overdose showed that in addition to hepatorenal failure, 3 patients developed brown urine since of the buildup of the metabolite p-aminophenol.

Brown urine could be a sign of melanocytes in the urinary system. Metastatic melanoma can result in an unusual condition called diffuse melanosis, causing dark skin, remote sores to the internal organs, and brown or black urine. One case file mentions a patient with intense kidney injury from melanin build-up in the tubular system. The diagnosis is poor at this moment.

Black Urine

Black urine rounds out the conversation of causes of reddish urine discoloration. A number of the conditions noted above can provide with black urine if the discoloration is dark enough; nevertheless, several of the conditions noted below are unsafe enough that the presence of black urine needs added workup. Example causes include metronidazole, nitrofurantoin, cascara or senna laxatives, methocarbamol, sorbitol, and the phenol acquired cresol, a common disinfectant ingested by alcoholics, which often is incapacitating and leads to severe systemic toxicity. Intramuscular iron injections are also associated with black urine as a benign effect of the medication.

Patients in this case merely need reassurance. The existence of melanin in the urine can cause brown discoloration, as talked about above, or with a black tint.

  • Methyldopa and L-dopa can induce urinary melanin in alkalotic urine, which is a recognized adverse result of these medications. Alcaptonuria is a rare hereditary illness in which the body has actually a weakened capability to catabolize tyrosine, leading to a build-up of homogentisic acid in the body. It provides clinically with arthritis and darkening of the skin and urine. The medical diagnosis is made by determining homogentisic acid in the urine. There is no remedy, however, and treatment includes high-dose vitamin C and limiting protein intake.

Blue and Green Colored Urine

Blue urine most typically appears to be caused by intake of methylene blue.  This drug is utilized in the United States for diagnostic tests, treatment of methemoglobinemia, or as a treatment for refractory hypotension. Outside the nation, nevertheless, oral methylene blue might be found in medications and home treatments due to the fact that it has antimicrobial homes. Real blue urine seems to be extremely unusual, perhaps due to the fact that blue pigments integrate with urochrome, the major factor to urine’s typical yellow shade, to create a green color before urine’s removal. In that regard, there are many case reports in which methylene blue turns urine green.

Other medications associated with green urine may consist of phenol groups and include promethazine, thymol, cimetidine, and propofol. The system of action appears to be triggered by phenol’s conjugation by the liver and subsequent excretion by the kidneys. The stamina of the green appears to be dose related. Oddly, propofol likewise is related to pink and white urine.

Some nonphenol drugs noted to produce green urine are metoclopramide, amitriptyline, and indomethacin. In any occasion, the urinary findings of all of the above medications are benign effects and do not obtain even more workup once urinalysis outcomes are typical.

There are isolated case reports of parenteral absorption of tetrahydronaphthalene (Cuprex), a pesticide that was made use of in the 1980s as an over the counter treatment for lice, and intakes of the herbicides mefenaceta and imazosulfuro producing green urine. A patient who has can be found in contact with these compounds need to be dealt with as if he or she were poisoned and is worthy of complete toxicology workup, stabilization, and possible admission to the intensive care system.

In the vital care setting, patients getting enteral tube feeds carry occasion been noted to produce green urine. The belief is that the food coloring additive Food Dye and Color Blue Number 1 (FD&C Blue No. 1) is taken in from the gastrointestinal (GI) system in high adequate concentrations to trigger dark green urine. In animal models, > 1 % of FD&C Blue No. 1 is discovered in rat urine. This finding is safe and disappears with changes in tube feeds.

Not all causes of green urine are innocuous, nevertheless. Pseudomonas-causing bacteremia and urinary system infections can provide with green urine. In this case, the patient’s history and health examination need to indicate an infectious condition and urine and blood cultures may make the medical diagnosis. Treatment is centered on clearing the infection instead of on urine color.

Bile pigments in the urine represent an uncommon however worrisome reason for discoloration. Upon finding biliverdin, clinicians have to take a mindful and thorough history to identify the place of the leak. Radiographs or intrusive imaging might even be required. A case credit report of an enterovesical fistula triggered by pelvic radiation therapy offers one such source of bile. Other rarer causes of blue and green urine consist of conditions that impair amino acid absorption from the GI system.

Blue diaper syndrome and Hartnup illness are autosomal recessive conditions in which tryptophan develops in the GI system, triggering bacteria to metabolize it to indole, causing an accumulation of indican in the urine. The blue coloring by itself is not harmful, however it does indicate another underlying condition that requires examination.

Purple Urine

The just recognized reason for purple urine is purple urine bag syndrome. This normally benign condition is thought to arise from a series of steps in which tryptophan in the GI system is converted to indole, the indole is then metabolized by the liver and excreted by the kidneys, and the end product goes through change by bacteria in the urine to develop indigo (a blue pigment) and indirubin (a red pigment). These pigments combine to form purple urine that then stains the polyvinylchloride of a Foley catheter. Purple urine is connected with Gram-negative bacteruria and typically resolves after treatment with antibiotics and altering the catheter.

White Urine (Albinuria) in Babies

Albinuria has a large differential medical diagnosis and requires a more extensive investigation beyond an easy urinalysis. Sediment from minerals in the urine such as hypercalciuria, phosphaturia, or hyperoxaluria occasionally can be discovered after centrifugation and analysis. Assessment with a nephrologist is recommended now because modifications in dietary consumption and medication initiation might be needed. Severe urinary system infection is one possible reason for white urine because purulent fluid might enter the bladder. In addition, caseous product from urinary tuberculosis typically should be amused. Careful urine culture is needed, followed by antibiotic therapy.

Chyluria is another possible medical diagnosis. It develops from irregular communication between the lymphatics to the urinary tract, most frequently as an outcome of filariasis, but typically can be the result of a lymphatic fistula. Antiparasitic drugs are of no advantage since the urine is typically sterile by this point. Referral to a urologist is necessary since the patient may need intervention to close the communication.


A changing in urine color can be traumatic for patients, their relative, and clinicians alike. This short article presented a number of the possible reasons for urine staining in children. Fortunately, a lot of these causes are benign impacts and can be clarified from an in-depth history. At a minimum, nevertheless, doctors must take a urinalysis when confronted with an unusual urine color since possible pathologies do exist.


Trisomy 13 Life Expectancy for children

Trisomy 13 or Patau syndrome is a genetic disorder in babies with three copies of the hereditary material in the thirteenth chromosome. While healthy babies have two copies of genetic product in the thirteenth chromosome. The problem can affect the development of the baby in many ways. Keep reading to read more about elements that may affect life span in this condition.

Trisomy 13 is a rare chromosome problem that affects around one in every 8,000-12,000 live births. Babies with trisomy 13 have lots of irregularities, including nearly every organ system in the body, in addition to developmental hold-up. Trisomy 13 is likewise called Patau syndrome, after the physician who first explained the disorder.

Trisomy 13 Life Expectancy

While the condition is rather unusual, you can still find babies born with it. The disorder can cause severe psychological and physical abnormalities consisting of heart flaws. Numerous babies with Patau syndrome are stillborn or die within the first couple of days after being born. It is tough to anticipate the life expectancy if the baby does not have any immediate lethal issues.

  • About 50% of babies die within the first week of their birth.
  • 90% die within a year.
  • Only 5-10 % manage to live longer than a year.

Exists Any Treatment for Trisomy 13?

Regrettably, there is no standard treatment offered for babies born with this disorder. It is therefore hard to improve Trisomy 13 life span. Healthcare providers focus their treatment on enhancing symptoms only. Numerous children with this disorder ultimately need surgery in addition to occupational therapy, speech therapy, physical therapy, and other encouraging treatment measures.

Some infants born with incurable abnormality, however some react well to treatment used to fix structural problems. Unique solutions, strategies, and positions are used to deal with feeding issues. The positioning of a gastric tube might help in this regard. Surgery is the only treatment choice to correct structural irregularities such as cleft palate and cleft lip. The combination of hearing aids, unique diets, and vision helps may help handle other symptoms of Patau syndrome.

Trisomy 13 Life Expectancy in Children

Causes and Symptoms of Trisomy 13


While Trisomy 13 is a genetic disorder, it does not pass from the parents to the child. It mainly happens due to flaws in the sperm or the egg that forms the fetus. Under typical situations, egg and sperm join and form 23 pairs of chromosomes. In rare cases, egg and sperm form an extra chromosome and the chromosome 13 is launched to the embryo. Both mother’s egg cell and daddy’s sperm cell can consider that additional chromosome to the embryo.

There are 3 types of this condition, and these types likewise have some effect on the general Trisomy 13 life expectancy.

  • Complete Trisomy: In this condition, every cell in the body of an afflicted baby has an additional copy of chromosome 13.
  • Partial Trisomy: In this condition, patients do not have a complete extra copy of chromosome 13, and only an extra part of the chromosome attached to some other chromosome in the cells.
  • Mosaic: Patients with this type of condition have a whole additional copy of chromosome 13, but they are not present in a few of the body’s cells.


The symptoms generally depend upon the seriousness of the condition. In addition, the symptoms may be various when just a few of the cells are affected– it suggests the kind of Trisomy 13 will likewise have an influence on how severe the symptoms are.

The most common symptoms include cleft palate, close-set eyes, cleft lip, clenched hands, additional fingers, impaired muscle tone, low-set ears, hernia, skeletal defects, impaired mental advancement, and seizure. Some patients might likewise have a little lower jaw, little head, and un-descended testicles.

How Is Trisomy 13 Detected?

A physical exam is usually all that is needed to detect Trisomy 13. An afflicted baby will have particular physical qualities and symptoms as discussed already, makings it simple for doctor to diagnose. Still, they might purchase a blood test to analyze the chromosomes to validate the presence of chromosome 13.

It is also possible to examine cells in the amniotic fluid to confirm the presence of chromosomal abnormalities. The fluid is normally gotten from the placenta through chorionic villus sampling (CVS). A comprehensive fetal ultrasound might likewise help make a medical diagnosis, however it is not an extremely trusted way. A chromosome analysis is typically 99.9% precise.

How Often Does Trisomy 13 Occur?

It is rather a rare condition and impacts just 1 in 16,000 babies in the United States. The risk of having a baby with this disorder increases with the age of mother, however a woman can give birth to a baby with Trisomy 13 at any age.


Newborn Stomachache Remedies

Since an infant cannot just inform you, it can be hard to determine if a baby has a stomach pains. Nevertheless, typical symptoms include fussiness, gas, vomiting and diarrhea. Whether brought on by indigestion, gas, colic or allergic reaction, an upset baby can interfere with the whole family. As long as the baby’s symptoms are not severe, there are a number of treatments that can be used right at home.

Touch Therapy

According to the La Leche League International, an infant’s stomach ache can be massaged away. This is specifically true if the stomach pains is brought on by gas, colic or constipation. To massage the belly, gently move your fingers and palm in clockwise circular motions, circling the belly button. Another technique called the “paddlewheel” starts with your palm under baby’s chin. Point your fingers toward his shoulders then gradually move your by far to his chest, all of the way to the diaper area. When your hand reaches the belly button, location your opposite hand beneath his chin and relocation downward. Change hands, being sure that a person hand is always rubbing.


The Dr. Spock website describes that natural tea can remedy a baby’s stomach pains. Mint and chamomile are considered safe and can be brewed up in a warm tea. However, tea has no calories so ensure it is not used as a substitute for breast milk or formula. In addition, do not add honey to a baby’s tea. Honey enhances the risk of botulism in babies.

Newborn Stomach Ache Remedies
Newborn Stomach Ache Remedies

Warm Compress

Numerous babies find that warmth can assist relieve an upset stomach. Fill a water bottle with warm water and wrap it in a towel or diaper. The Dr. Spock website recommends putting the water bottle on your knees and laying baby tummy-down over the bottle. Make sure that the water is not too hot. If it feels warm to you, it might be too hot for baby’s delicate skin.

Over-the-counter Medicine

Some non-prescription medications can help treat an infant’s belly pains. The Babycenter website says that numerous parents discover that gripe water is handy. This medication is a mix of herbs and sodium bicarbonate. Anti-gas drops are an option if gas is the suspected cause for baby’s upset stomach. Constantly consult a pediatrician prior to using non-prescription medications.


Bloody Mucus Breastfed Baby Stool

Lots of cases of blood in baby stools have no known cause. If the baby is otherwise well and growing, blood in the feces frequently deals with on its own, however this ought to always be taken a look at by baby’s doctor.

The color of the blood provides you an idea about where it originated. Blood originating in the colon or rectum tends to be red and might just streak the outside of the stool. If the blood stems further up the GI tract, then the blood is normally darker in color (dark brown/maroon, black) and combined throughout the stool rather of simply on the exterior.

Some potential causes of blood in baby’s stools:

  • A typical cause of blood in a baby’s stool is a small anal tear (fissure) from baby straining with the passage of the feces. The percentage of blood from an anal fissure has the tendency to look like a red streak on the exterior of the feces.
  • Another typical cause of blood in the feces of babies is food allergic reactions. The top allergens are cow’s milk products and soy. See Dairy and other Food Sensitivities in Breastfed Babies for additional information.
  • A third common cause: If mommy nipple or other bleeding, then baby might ingest some blood from mama (this is not hazardous to baby), which might appear in baby’s feces.
  • Occasionally, blood in the feces may result from breastmilk oversupply. Per Dr. Jack Newman, bloody stools in some babies have been eliminated completely by resolving mama’s oversupply. This can be done by following the usual management treatments for oversupply; it can also be handy to use breast compressions to increase the quantity of fat that baby gets while nursing. See Can a baby be allergic to breastmilk? for more details on oversupply triggering blood in baby’s feces.
  • There are numerous case reports of a baby starting to have mucous and/or blood in the stool after starting vitamin/fluoride drops, where the blood vanished after the drops were stopped.
  • Blood in the stool may also be brought on by a temporary case of lactose intolerance, due to an intestinal infection.
  • Particular type of contagious diarrhea can cause bloody feces in babies, consisting of Salmonella and C. Difficile. C. Difficile is a bacteria that grows in the gut if the bacterial balance has actually been distressed; the toxin can cause injury to the mucosa and bloody feces. Breastfed babies have the tendency to have less severe symptoms than non-breastfed babies due to the fact that breastmilk inhibits the development of the bacteria.
  • Different types of colitis, intussusception, or other intestinal tract disorders are other possible causes.
Blood and Mucus in Breastfed Baby Stool
Blood and Mucus in Breastfed Baby Stool

Does blood in the stool require a trip to the emergency room?

You should always talk with baby’s doctor if there is blood in baby’s stool, however whether or not this requires an emergency visit would depend upon your child’s behavior. If baby enjoys and appears healthy, then call your doctor making a consultation. If baby is experiencing abdominal pain, considerable bleeding in the feces, diarrhea, vomiting, and/or fever, then more immediate medical care is suggested. Per Dr. Jay Gordon, “Consistent or increasing blood in the stool or blood mixed with mucus (referred to as “currant jelly” feces in the texts) requires an immediate call to your doctor.”


Baby Spitting Clear Liquid

It is not unusual to see your little angel spitting up milk or clear liquid. Sometimes, you see it’s becoming challenging for them to keep anything down.

This makes mothers to ask a question, “Is baby spitting up clear liquid typical?” Keep reading to find out more about what causes this scenario and if you can discover something to eradicate the issue.

Sometimes, you might encounter your baby spitting up white liquid with the existence of white pieces. This might be the result of a burp in your baby. The majority of the times the spitting up of white fluid is considered to be typical amongst babies. However, it is recommended to get in touch with the doctor so that any underlying medical conditions might be determined and given the suitable treatment or prescriptions.

Is Spitting Up Clear Liquid Regular?

Spiting up, also called gastroesophageal reflux or simply reflux, describes mild vomiting or regurgitation of milk, food and even saliva. You will have to handle this when you have a baby at home. This is more typical when you feed your baby– it generally occurs when your baby burps. If you’re only discovering clear liquid coming out of your baby’s mouth, that’s absolutely nothing to worry about due to the fact that it’s simply saliva. You do not usually need to worry even if your baby’s spitting a milky-white liquid because that’s normally formula or breast milk.

Nevertheless, you need to comprehend that there is more than just one type of spit-up. The most typical type is when your baby spit up water liquid with a couple of small chunks of white cheesy-creamy things in it. You see your baby spitting by doing this quickly after a feeding. This usually happens when your baby burps that brings up excess saliva and partially curdled milk.

Often, you will observe your infant spitting up a large amount of milky white things with white pieces in it. This usually results from a strong gag reflex set off by a burp. Extreme horsing around right after consuming may likewise cause this situation. One uncommon but possible cause of spitting up milky-white chunky things is nausea from an illness.

All in all, baby spitting up clear liquid is regular in most cases. If you believe it’s triggered by queasiness from an illness, you might think about connecting with your doctor to make sure there’s absolutely nothing serious.

Baby Spitting Up Clear Liquid

What Causes Spitting Up in Your Baby?

Whatever you drink or eat goes into your stomach through the feeding tube, various acids will mix with food in your stomach and pass it into the intestines where further digestion will happen. There’s a valve in between the stomach and the esophagus that guarantees what you eat or drink doesn’t return up and from your stomach. However, the valve is not well established in infants, so you will regularly see milk and saliva coming out of their stomach. Similarly, if you’re feeding too much of food, it will once again result in regurgitation since your baby’s stomach is still rather little. The valve will establish as your baby grows, and this will keep anything they eat from coming out of the stomach when completely established.

Is Your Baby Spitting Up Excessive?

There’s no such thing as spitting up excessive, especially if your baby is eating frequently even after a heavy spit-up. Another sign that can show whetherthere’s something incorrect with your baby spitting up excessive or not is his/her body weight. If they continue to gain weight, it just implies they are getting enough to eat. Actually, a baby spits up whole feeding in really uncommon instances. That’s primarily because the digestion begins as soon as a baby swallow the first mouthful. For a 3-4 months baby, the rate of digestion is around 1ounce every 15 minutes. It indicates that if you’re feeding your baby about 5-6 ounces and the process lasts around half an hour, your baby tends to have currently absorbed the majority of their food.

However, it is a good idea to discuss your concern with your doctor if you think your baby empties whatever in his/her stomach. This will help rule out the possibility of having an underlying health condition.

When Should You Worry About Your Baby’s Spitting Up?

As discussed already, there is usually absolutely nothing you have to stress over baby spitting up clear liquid. Nevertheless, you might see certain symptoms that suggest a hidden condition. Make sure to contact your baby’s doctor if you observe the following symptoms:

  • Your baby isn’t gaining weight.
  • Your baby throws up regularly and forcefully.
  • Your baby spits up yellow or green fluid or fluid with blood in it.
  • Your baby does not allow any feedings and has blood in stool also.

You need to also seek instant medical attention if your baby is spitting up clear liquid and has difficulty breathing at the same time. Your baby’s doctor will think about other symptoms and prescribe medication to treat the condition.

How to Lower Your Baby’s Spitting Up

Spitting up clear liquid isn’t really anything you ought to stress over, but you can use particular tips to help lower his/her spitting up.

  • Ensure to keep your baby in an upright position while feeding and assist your baby remain in a sitting position for half an hour after each feeding. Do not have fun with your baby right after feeding.
  • Make sure to limit the length of each feeding, especially when you’re breast-feeding your baby. Small, more-frequent feedings will help reduce the frequency of spitting up.
  • Make certain to assist your baby burp because this prevents air from developing in your baby’s stomach.
  • Make sure to put your baby to sleep on his/her back since this will reduce the risk of SIDS or sudden baby death syndrome as well as contribute in limiting how often your baby spits up.
  • Try to alter your very own diet if you’re breast-feeding to see how it affects your baby spitting up clear liquid.

Baby Coughs Drinking Water

Babies cough for a range of factors, including health problems, medical conditions and inflammations. If your baby coughs after drinking water, it may be a response to the temperature if the water is exceptionally cold. An extremely cold drink may aggravate the throat and air passage. In addition, your baby might be drinking too fast or getting excessive water in the mouth, triggering her to cough. This might particularly hold true if your baby drinks water from a sippy cup lying down or with her head slanted back too far.

Cough Causes

When a baby coughs, it might be frightening, but it generally is not a sign of a severe health problem or condition, according to KidsHealth. In truth, coughing is helpful since it helps protect your baby’s respiratory tract. Coughs might be caused by asthma or a bacterial or viral infection. If a baby is overcoming a cough triggered by a health problem, certain irritants in the environment may temporarily aggravate the cough, such as cold air, strong smells or animal dander. Extremely cold water may intensify a cough that your baby already has and may have nothing to do with the drink.

Determining the Problem

If water causes a coughing spell in your baby, attempt to determine the reason for his irritation. If the water is too cold, make sure the water he is consuming is at least room temperature level in the future. Also make sure he is not putting down or tilting his head back when he is drinking so he is not getting gigantic gulps that are making him gag and cough. If you are not sure why he is coughing and he appears unpleasant, call his pediatrician.

My Baby Coughs After Drinking Water
My Baby Coughs After Drinking Water


If your baby coughs constantly after consuming water, ensure you don’t provide her any over the counter cough medications, warns the American Academy of Pediatrics’ HealthyChildren. These medications can have dangerous side effects when given to babies and children under 2 years of age. In addition, lots of sites recommend using honey mixtures to relieve a cough, though honey ought to never be provided to infants– babies under 12 months old– to prevent baby botulism, recommends Dr. Jay L. Hoecker of

When to Call the Pediatrician

Your baby’s cough after consuming water is probably not severe, however call his pediatrician if he has difficulty breathing or is breathing extremely rapidly; has blue coloration on his lips, tongue or face; his cough is accompanied by a high fever; or he is wheezing.


Anise Seed Water for Babies

There are different other names for anise seeds like Aniseed or Pimpernel seeds which are acquired from Pimpinella anisum, belonging to parsley family.

Anise seeds are used in different cuisines throughout the world and is used in liqueurs. These seeds are gray brown in color and have a licorice like flavor, that makes it a favorite active ingredient in cookies, cakes and sweet breads and so on. Anise seeds for babies are highly helpful as these are a reliable cure for different digestion consisting of colic problems. This short article clarifies different advantages of anise seeds for babies, read on for more details.

Anise seeds are also known for stimulating milk production in a nursing mom by raising the prolactin levels. Anise seed is believed to be an efficient treatment for colic and upset stomach. Colicky babies and those with digestive ailments can be fed anise water to motivate the secretion of excess gastrointestinal fluids and reduce stomach flatulence.

Anise Seed Water Uses for Colic Babies

  • At some time, babies will have severe gain due to gas. Offering gripe water including anise seeds to babies might be a possible treatment. Talk about with your physician.
  • Anise water has been used to treat stomach problems in babies for ages. Anise seed water is gentle on the stomach and can ease pain triggered by gas. This water likewise assists cure hiccups.

To prepare anise seeds water at home, you need the following active ingredients:

  • Anise seeds– 1/2 teaspoon
  • Water– 2 cups


  • Somewhat crush anise seeds.
  • Include anise powder to water in a bowl and bring it to boil for approx 10 minutes.
  • Now, strain this infusion and let the anise water to cool off.

This infusion can be saved in refrigerator for 3 days. Administer drips utilizing a medicine dropper. Babies under the age group of six months should be administered 2 to 3 drops of anise seeds water at every 3 to 4 hours.

Anise Benefits for Babies

Anise Seed Water for Hiccups Solution in Babies

  • Hiccups are caused due to the contraction of diaphragm muscles in the chest.
  • Event of hiccups is a rather normal scene in babies.
  • Hiccups can be caused due to swallowing of large quantity of air while feeding.
  • Patting on baby’s back and offering him with gripe water can assist eliminate this painful condition. However, giving anise seed water is likewise an efficient solution for hiccups.
  • The dish gone over in this short article can be offered to baby to stop hiccups.

Health Benefits of Anise Seeds

Various important health benefits of anise seeds are as follows:

  • The health benefits of anise seeds consist of anti parasitic residential or commercial properties, which makes it an effective solution for various digestion problems.
  • Anise seed water are handy in relieving coughing and chest congestion.
  • Anise seed water is likewise helpful in relieving tooth pain and menstrual cramps.
  • This sweet tasting dish has an antibacterial and warming effect on the upper respiratory tract and also alleviates runny secretions.
  • In nursing mothers, anise seeds help stimulate milk production by raising the prolactin levels.
  • Colicky babies with gastrointestinal problems can be fed with anise seed water to lower stomach flatulence and it also encourages the secretion of excess digestive fluids.

Consult your doctor before utilizing anise seed water for treatment of other conditions.


Can Baby Drink Carbonated Mineral Water?

I ‘d advise waiting until at least 2 years of age. Even then, there are needs to stick with plain bottled or tap water.

To start with, children younger than 6 months of age should drink just breast milk or formula, which include all the water infants require, even in heat. (In reality, breast milk and formula are 85 percent water.) Giving water to a young baby can cause a very unsafe condition called water intoxication, which results when excessive water causes excessive salt loss through the kidneys.

After your baby is 6 months old, it’s okay to give her very small amounts of plain water if you like. But since water contains no nutrition or calories, do not give it to her in place of breast milk or formula, which are still much better for her. And never use water to replace a feeding.

Can you give a baby carbonated water?

If you do give your baby small sips of water after 6 months, plain water is much better than mineral or carbonated waters. Here’s why:

The minerals discovered in mineral water are usually sodium, calcium, and trace minerals. The precise composition depends on the processing approach, so it’s hard to tell what you’re getting. (In reality, there are no basic market requirements for the structure of mineral waters, or even for their safety, if they’re imported.) Some mineral water might include excessive sodium and other minerals that can be tough for a baby’s or little one’s kidneys to manage.

carbonated water, which can cause stomach problems
Avoid offering your baby bottled mineral water. The sodium in mineral water can be too hard on your baby’s digestive system. You ought to also prevent offering her carbonated water, which can cause stomach problems and gas pains.

And carbonated water isn’t really a good idea due to the fact that the carbonation comes from gas– which’s simply what it will cause in your baby or child! This can result in excess spitting up and burping and even abdominal pains and discomfort.

After her second birthday, a little plain mineral water on event isn’t awful for your child (her kidneys are fully grown enough to manage the mineral loads already), however don’t be convinced by marketers that it has any extra benefit for your child (since it’s identified “all natural” or including “important minerals,” for instance). It has no genuine advantages over plain water, and, once again, its safety might not be regulated the method plain bottled or faucet water is.

Carbonated beverages still aren’t a smart idea, even after age 2, since carbonation can cause belly problem at any age, and it’s typically the culprit in kids with gas pains and abdominal discomfort.

Another factor I discourage carbonated water is that once your child is comfortable drinking plain carbonated water, she might be more easily lured to drink flavored carbonated waters or sodas, much of which include large quantities of salt, sugar, artificial flavorings, or other chemicals that aren’t great for her general health or her teeth, according to

The phosphoric acid in sodas is bad for tooth enamel.

Is your 2-year old going to suffer serious harm from taking a sip of your mineral or carbonated water? No, but I think it’s a smart idea in basic to stick with plain water, or water with a splash of juice, since there is no upside– and there are prospective drawbacks– to including mineral and soft drinks on your child’s beverage menu.

The frequency of carbonated sodas and flavored waters on the marketplace represents a genuine challenge for parents, and by making healthy choices early on you can give your child healthy routines that will stick for life.