Bumps on Child’s Tongue


Bumps on children’s tongue may vary from red to yellow color, can appear in front of the tongue or on back side. The bumps can be small or big ones.

Due to the fact that you use your tongue continuously, it can be aggravating and uncomfortable when you experience tongue problems, consisting of staining and discomfort. There are a range of causes for a number of common tongue symptoms. Fortunately, most of tongue problems are not serious and most can be fixed quickly.

Most Common Causes of Bumps on Child’s Tongue

Fungiform papillae are the small bumps found on the top and sides of your tongue. They’re the same color as the rest of your tongue and, under typical situations, are undetectable. They give your tongue a rough texture, which helps you eat. They likewise consist of taste buds and temperature level sensors.

Papillae can become bigger for a variety of reasons. Most of the time, these factors aren’t serious. See your doctor if the bumps are persistent, are growing or spreading, or are making it hard to eat.

Lie bumps (transient linguistic papillitis)

About half people experience lie bumps eventually. These little white or red bumps form when papillae become inflamed and a little swollen. It’s not always clear why this takes place, however it might be associated with stress, hormones, or certain foods. Although they can be uncomfortable, lie bumps aren’t serious and generally clear up without treatment and within a few days. Nevertheless, the bumps can recur.

Eruptive lingual papillitis is most typical among children and is likely contagious. It can be accompanied by fever and swollen glands. It is in some cases related to a viral infection. It typically doesn’t need treatment and improves within two weeks, but it can recur. Saltwater rinses or cold, smooth foods may offer some relief.

Canker sores (aphthous ulcers)

Canker sores can happen anywhere in the mouth, including under the tongue. The cause of these painful, red sores is unknown. Thankfully, they aren’t contagious. Non-prescription pain relievers might alleviate symptoms. Canker sores generally improve within 10 days and without treatment. See your doctor if they’re persistent, are accompanied by fever, or are so bad that you cannot eat or drink. Prescription-strength topical treatments may help.

Kawasaki syndrome
Kawasaki syndrome. This disease, normally seen in children under the age of 5, impacts the capillary in the body and can cause strawberry tongue. During the severe phase of disease, children typically run an extremely high fever and might likewise have inflammation and swelling in the hands and feet. (photo: wikipedia)

Squamous papilloma

Squamous papilloma is related to the human papillomavirus (HPV). It’s usually an only, irregularly shaped bump that can be treated surgically or with laser ablation. There’s no treatment for HPV, but individual symptoms can be resolved.

Scarlet fever

Scarlet fever can lead to “strawberry tongue.” This condition leaves the tongue red, bumpy, and swollen. This bacterial infection can also cause skin rash and fever. Scarlet fever is generally mild and can be treated with antibiotics. Uncommon complications include pneumonia, rheumatic fever, and kidney disease. Scarlet fever is really contagious so it should be taken seriously.

Distressing fibroma

Distressing fibroma is a smooth, pink tongue growth caused by chronic inflammation. It’s challenging to diagnose, so a biopsy is generally needed. The growth can be surgically removed, if required.

Lymphoepithelial Cysts

These soft yellow cysts usually appear beneath the tongue. Their cause isn’t really clear. The cysts are benign and can be surgically gotten rid of.


Glossitis is when inflammation makes your tongue appear smooth rather than bumpy. It might be the result of a variety of causes, consisting of an allergy, cigarette smoking and other irritants, or infection. Treatment depends on the cause. See your doctor if glossitis is persistent or repeating.

Mouth Cancer

Most bumps on the tongue aren’t serious, but some are cancerous. Cancerous bumps generally appear on the sides of the tongue instead of on the top. The most typical type of cancer to develop on the tongue is squamous cell carcinoma.

Oral tongue cancer appears on the front part of the tongue. The swelling might be gray, pink, or red. Touching it might cause bleeding.

Cancer can also occur at the back, or base, of the tongue. It might be harder to find, particularly because there’s no pain in the beginning. It might become painful as it advances.

If cancer is suspected, your doctor will most likely take a tissue sample for assessment under a microscope (biopsy). Treatment choices include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation, depending upon the type and stage of cancer.


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