What is bronchitis?
Bronchitis is an infection or inflammation of the large airway to the lungs. (These airways are called bronchi). When your child has a cold, sore throat, influenza, or sinus infection, the virus that caused it can infect the bronchi. As soon as the bacteria take hold there, the airways end up being swollen, irritated, and partially obstructed with mucus.
While viral infections are the most common perpetrators in children, bronchitis can also be triggered by bacterial infections, allergies, and irritants such as cigarette smoke, fumes, and dust.
Babies don’t often get bronchitis, however they do frequently get bronchiolitis. This condition takes place when the small airway in a baby’s lungs (bronchioles) get filled with mucus and end up being swollen. Just like bronchitis, the instigator is typically a viral infection – in this case, usually respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
What Are the Symptoms of Bronchitis in Toddlers?
Your child might first have cold symptoms, like a sore throat, fatigue, a runny nose, chills, pains, and a small fever (100 to 101 degrees Fahrenheit). He’ll establish a cough, which frequently starts out dry and unproductive however winds up producing greenish or yellow-colored mucus. He may gag or vomit while coughing.
Your child’s chest might hurt, he may feel brief of breath, and he might wheeze. If the bronchitis is severe, his fever may climb for a couple of days, and his cough may linger for numerous weeks as the bronchi heal.
Some people – almost always adults who smoke or children who live with cigarette smokers – experience bronchitis symptoms for months at a time. This is called chronic bronchitis (instead of infectious or severe bronchitis), and it’s one exceptional reason to keep cigarettes out of your house.
When should I call the doctor?
Because the condition is usually viral, there really isn’t really much your doctor can do for a child with bronchitis, but call him if you ‘d like a diagnosis or some reassurance. (Likewise call if your child is younger than 3 months and has symptoms of bronchitis – or other illness).
To identify the condition, the doctor will pay attention to your child’s lungs with a stethoscope. He might position a device on completion of your child’s finger to determine the amount of oxygen in her blood. (This is called pulse oximetry). He may likewise purchase a chest x-ray to make sure that your child doesn’t have pneumonia.
Do let the doctor know if your child’s cough is becoming worse after the first few days approximately, or if she has a fever for more than a few days, or if her fever tops 103 degrees F. Also call if your child is wheezing in addition to coughing, or if she’s coughing up blood.
Obviously, if your child is struggling to breathe, call 911.