The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that healthy infants be placed on their backs for sleep, as this is the best position for an infant to sleep. Putting your baby to sleep on his back reduces his chance of abrupt baby death syndrome (SIDS), which is accountable for more crib death in the United States than any other cause during the first year of life (beyond the newborn duration). The exact factor for this finding is not specific, however it may be related to findings that recommend that a baby who sleeps on her stomach gets less oxygen or eliminates carbon dioxide less because she is “rebreathing” the air from a little pocket of bed linen brought up around the nose.
If you have a baby at home, it is essential to understand about the safe sleeping positions and ideas to lower Abrupt Baby Death Syndrome or SIDS risk (1), which claims almost 2,500 lives every year in the United States. Around 80% of abrupt and unexpected crib death are caused due to SIDS and the most efficient method to avoid the risk is to make a healthy baby, less than a years of age, sleep on its back i.e., in the supine position.
Best Position for Babies to Sleep
In addition, recent findings recommend that particular areas of the brain might be underdeveloped in babies who die from SIDS. When these sleeping babies encounter a circumstance challenging to their well-being, they might fail to wake up to remove themselves from threat. Considering that it is difficult to recognize which babies might not arouse typically, and since the relationship between SIDS and sleep position is so strong, the Academy suggests that infants be put to sleep on their backs. Some medical professionals once thought that sleeping on the side may be an affordable alternative to back positioning, but recent evidence has shown that side sleeping also must be avoided for safety factors. (Please keep in mind that there are a couple of exceptions to this suggestion, including babies with certain medical conditions, which your pediatrician can go over with you.)
This recommendation of putting the baby down on her back applies to babies throughout the first year of life. However, it is especially essential during the first 6 months, when the occurrence of SIDS is the highest.
Even when you make sure your baby is pushing her back when going to sleep, it is also essential to prevent putting her on soft, porous surface areas such as pillows, quilts, comforters, sheepskins, or bean bags– even soft products used for stuffed toys– which may block her airway if she burrows her face in them. Likewise prevent having her sleep on waterbeds, couches, or soft mattresses. A firm baby crib mattress covered by a sheet is the best bedding. Keep all soft toys and packed animals from your child’s crib throughout infancy. Keep the temperature level in your baby’s room comfy and do not put her near air-conditioning or heating vents, open windows, or other sources of drafts. Use sleep clothing (such as a one-piece sleeper) without any other covering, as an option to blankets. For an extra layer, a wearable blanket sleeper or sleepsack is a safe alternative.
Pacifiers also might help in reducing the risk of SIDS. Nevertheless, if your baby does not desire the pacifier or if it falls out of her mouth, don’t force it. If you are breastfeeding, wait until breastfeeding is well established, typically around 3 or four weeks of age, before utilizing a pacifier. While sleeping on the back is very important, your baby likewise should spend some time on her stomach when she is awake and being observed. This will assist to develop her shoulder muscles and her head control, and avoid the development of flat spots on the back of her head.
As she gets older and her stomach grows, your baby will have the ability to go longer in between feedings. In fact, you’ll be motivated to understand that more than 90 percent of babies sleep through the night (six to 8 hours without waking) by 3 months. Most infants are able to last this long in between feedings when they reach 12 or 13 pounds (5.44– 5.89 kg), so if yours is a huge baby, she might start sleeping through the night even previously than three months. As motivating as this sounds, do not expect the sleep struggle to end at one time. The majority of children swing backward and forward, sleeping wonderfully for a few weeks, and even months, then returning quickly to a late-night wake-up schedule. This might involve development spurts increasing the need for food, or, later on, it may be connected to teething or developmental modifications.
From time to time, you will need to assist your baby fall asleep or return to sleep. Specifically as a newborn, she most likely will doze off most easily if provided gentle continuous stimulation. Some babies are helped by rocking, walking, patting on the back, or by a pacifier in the mouth. For others, music from a radio or a CD gamer can be extremely relaxing if played at moderate volume. Particular stimulation, nevertheless, is annoying to any baby– for example, calling telephones, barking dogs, and roaring vacuum cleaners.
There is no reason to limit your baby’s sleeping to her crib. If, for any reason, you desire her closer to you while she sleeps, use her bassinet as a temporary crib and move it around your home with you.
Based upon an examination of existing unexpected baby death syndrome (SIDS) data, the American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that healthy babies, when being put down to sleep, be put on their backs. Regardless of typical beliefs, there is no evidence that choking is more regular among infants resting on their backs (the supine position) when compared with other positions, nor is there proof that sleeping on the back is harmful to healthy babies. In some circumstances, there are still excellent reasons for positioning certain babies on their stomachs for sleep. Discuss your individual situations with your pediatrician.
Considering that 1992, when the American Academy of Pediatrics began advising this sleep position the yearly SIDS rate has actually decreased more than 50 percent.