Baby’s Diseases and Immunisation

Baby's Diseases and Immunisation

Your baby will be immunised against the most typical transmittable illness.

The vaccines are provided routinely to every baby as part of the preschool immunisation program, and protect versus:

  • diphtheria
  • flu
  • haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
  • measles
  • meningitis B (for babies born upon or after 1 July 2015)
  • meningitis C
  • mumps
  • pneumococcus
  • polio
  • rotavirus
  • rubella
  • tetanus
  • whooping cough (pertussis)

Two other vaccines, the BCG (which protects against tuberculosis) and hepatitis B, are likewise provided to babies thought about at high risk of catching these diseases.

Which vaccines do what?


This vaccine protects your baby versus:

  • Diphtheria. This is a bacterial infection of the chest and throat. It spreads when somebody with diphtheria sneezes or coughs. Symptoms include a sore throat, high temperature and breathing troubles. A severe case can cause damage to the heart and nervous system, or perhaps death.
  • Tetanus. Sometimes called lockjaw, tetanus can cause painful muscle spasms and stiffness. The disease can be fatal. The bacteria that causes tetanus is discovered in soil and animal manure, and it can get in the body through a cut or injury. Tetanus can also be caught through animal bites.
  • Whooping cough (pertussis). This is extremely infectious. It’s spread out through coughing and sneezing. It resembles a cold at first, however the coughing spasms, with the distinctive “whoop”, become more severe. Babies and young children are most at risk of developing complications, such as pneumonia, vomiting, dehydration, weight reduction and, rarely, mental retardation and death.
  • Polio. This is an infection that attacks nerve tissue in the brain and spinal cord. It can cause paralysis. It’s now uncommon in the UK. You can catch it if you enter contact with the poo, mucus or saliva of an infected individual.
  • Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib). This is a bacterial infection of the throat, chest and ear that can lead to more severe infections, such as meningitis, pneumonia or clogs of the throat (epiglottitis).

The DTaP/IPV/Hib vaccine will be offered when your baby is:

  • eight weeks
  • 12 weeks
  • 16 weeks

A preschool booster will likewise be given when your child is four or 5, and once again when he’s a teen, between the ages of 13 and 18.


PCV stands for pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. It safeguards your baby against:

  • Pneumococcal bacteria. These bacteria can cause serious health problems such as meningitis, blood poisoning (septicaemia) and pneumonia. One in 10 cases of meningitis is triggered by the pneumococcal bacteria. This form of meningitis is more unsafe than meningitis C, and can frequently be deadly. It also causes a higher rate of long-term health issue in children who endure, such as deafness, epilepsy and learning problems.

The PCV will be offered when your baby is:

  • 8 weeks
  • 16 weeks
  • 13 months


This vaccine safeguards your baby against:

  • Meningococcal bacteria. These bacteria cause meningitis and blood poisoning (septicaemia). The bacteria have a number of pressures and this vaccination is against many B pressures. Meningitis is a major illness that can cause long-lasting damage to the brain and nervous system, and can even be fatal.

If you baby was born upon or after 1 July 2015, the MenB vaccine will be offered when he is:.

  • 8 weeks
  • 16 weeks
  • 13 months

There is also a temporary catch-up immunisation program for babies born upon or after 1 May 2015.

Your baby is more likely to obtain a fever from the meningitis B (MenB) vaccine and first booster than other routine immunisations. You can reduce this risk by offering him baby paracetamol suspension soon after his MenB jab.


As with Men B, this vaccine likewise secures your baby versus:

  • Meningococcal bacteria. However, this vaccination is against the C strain.

The MenC vaccine will be provided when your baby is:

  • 12 weeks

Your child will have it again when he’s a year in an injection that also includes the Hib vaccine.


This vaccine secures against:

  • Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) bacteria. These bacteria can cause throat, chest and ear infections in addition to more serious infections, such as meningitis, pneumonia or obstructions of the throat (epiglottitis).
  • Meningococcal bacteria. See details about the single MenC vaccine, above.

Rotavirus vaccine (Rotarix)

This vaccine secures versus:

  • Rotavirus. A highly-infectious infection that is the most typical cause of gastroenteritis in babies. The two most commons symptoms are diarrhoea and vomiting. Rotavirus can cause a major bowel infection and dehydration. Every year, about 130,000 children in England and Wales have rotavirus gastroenteritis, with about 12,700 needing treatment in hospital.

The vaccine will be given to your baby by mouth through a dropper, and will be offered at:

  • eight weeks
  • 12 weeks

The first and 2nd dosage should be given at least four weeks apart. If your baby is 15 weeks or older, and has not yet had his first dose, he will not have the ability to have the rotavirus vaccine.

Baby's Diseases and Immunisation

Influenza vaccine (Fluenz)

This vaccine protects against:

  • Flu. This is triggered by a contagious infection, so it cannot be treated with antibiotics. Your baby is probably to have flu in winter season, between October and April. Symptoms are similar to a cold, however likewise consist of a fever, hurting muscles and joints, a dry cough, a runny nose and diarrhoea and vomiting.

The flu vaccine will be provided to your child through a nasal spray, and will be provided at:

  • two years
  • 3 years
  • four years (in some parts of the UK)

The nasal spray vaccine is only offered to children age two years or older. If the nasal spray is not appropriate for your child, he will get the influenza vaccine by injection.


This vaccine secures versus:

  • Measles. This used to be a typical youth health problem prior to the immunisation was presented. It’s highly infectious, and spreads when somebody with measles sneezes or coughs. It begins like a bad cold. A rash appears after 3 or 4 days. Measles can result in convulsions (seizures or fits), bronchitis, bronchiolitis, ear infections and croup. In uncommon cases, measles can cause swelling of the brain (encephalitis).
  • Mumps. This is a viral health problem which causes swelling around the cheeks and neck. It can result in complications such as meningitis, deafness, inflammation of the brain (sleeping sickness) and inflammation of the genitals.
  • Rubella. This viral disease is usually mild, triggering a fever, a rash and swollen glands. Nevertheless, if you capture rubella in the first eight to 10 weeks of your pregnancy you can pass it on to your baby. This is called hereditary rubella syndrome, and it can cause babies to be born with deafness, loss of sight, heart issues or brain damage. Rubella is very uncommon in the UK, with just a couple of cases a year of congenital rubella syndrome.

The MMR vaccine will be used when your baby is 13 months. A preschool booster will also be offered when your child is 4 or 5.

Will my child have side-effects after his immunisations?

All medications, including immunisations, can sometimes cause some moderate side-effects. Attempt not to fret if your baby does have side-effects. They should not last for long.

After your baby has the DTaP/IPV/Hib vaccine, the PCV, and the MenC vaccine, you may discover some side-effects. They usually appear within 24 hours of him having the vaccine. Your baby might:

  • have a mild fever
  • have pain, swelling or inflammation at the site of the injection
  • feel sick, or vomit
  • have diarrhoea
  • feel a bit off-colour

The MMR vaccine can periodically cause some mild side-effects 6 to 10 days after the injection. Your child may:

  • have a moderate fever
  • establish a measles-like rash
  • go off his food
  • feel a bit off-colour

Don’t stress if your child develops a rash. It doesn’t mean he has measles. He’s just having a reaction to the live however weakened infection in the MMR vaccine as his body is constructing immunity against the disease.

There is possibility that immunisations might cause a fever. If this takes place, treat it quickly, however not before the symptoms appear. In the case of the MenB vaccine and first booster, give your baby infant paracetamol suspension quickly after his jabs, even if he show no signs of fever. This is since he is more likely to develop a fever after these immunisations.

Keep a close eye on your child if he establishes a heat. Periodically, children with a high temperature develop convulsions (seizures or fits). These are rare, Your child might be more at risk of having a convulsion if he’s had one previously, or if there’s a family history of seizures.

With all immunisations, there is an exceptionally unusual possibility that your child may have a severe allergy, called anaphylaxis. This implies your child could establish allergic reaction symptoms within 10 minutes of having the injection. These can include a nettle-like rash, swelling of the skin, lips or face, vomiting, or breathing problems. The possibilities of this happening truly are small, only about one in a million.

You’ll probably be asked to remain at the center for about 10 minutes after your child has actually had his injections, just to make he’s fine. But if you’re worried at all about any side-effects, mild or otherwise, you might constantly ask to stay on a little bit longer.


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