Lots of toddlers with language delays have difficulty learning to answer questions. Common problems consist of:
- Duplicating or the last few words of the question rather than answering
- Addressing incorrectly such as shaking their heads yes when you ask them a concern with 2 choices
- Giving an off-target response such as answering, “Two,” when you ask, What’s your name?
- Not responding or overlooking questions
By 30 months of age, the majority of toddlers with typically establishing language abilities are consistently addressing yes/no concerns, choosing in between 2 alternatives (” Do you want your Dora shirt or flower t-shirt?”) and responding to simple “What” and “Where” questions (” What do you want to eat?” or “Where did Daddy go?”).
By age 3 most children with normally establishing language abilities correctly respond to typical questions related to themselves such as, “What’s your name,” “How old are you,” and” Are you a boy or a woman?”
Listed below are the tried and true methods I recommend that parents work on answering concerns with their children at home.
When Do Babies Start Answering Questions
Children learn to respond to, “What’s that?” concerns to identify products prior to they start to respond to other kinds of questions. If your child is not regularly answering this concern, practice frequently with words you know he can say across various contexts. For instance, if states, “Shoe,” ask him, “What’s that,” while pointing to his shoes, while taking a look at images of shoes in catalogues, while checking out books, and while playing with a doll or toy characters.
Toddlers likewise start to respond to questions by making spoken options. Deal options for whatever throughout the day. “Do you desire milk or juice? Which one should we play -blocks or cars? Should we check out Great Night Moon or the Elmo book? Do you want a hug or a kiss? Does the cow want to eat or sleep?” If he is not yet utilizing words, he can respond with a gesture such as pointing, looking, or even getting the one he desires. When he is talking or signing, you ought to wait him out for a spoken action, specifically for words you understand he can say or sign.
One method to make sure that your toddler understands choosing is to offer a non-preferred item as a choice. This is a specifically reliable strategy for children who just “echo” latest things they hear. For instance, ask if he wishes to have fun with bubbles or a sock. If he duplicates “sock,” make him take the sock. You can likewise use this with preferred snacks and a not-so-desirable alternative. If he echoes and states the incorrect product, make an effort to have him take the product he doesn’t desire, even if he’s initially upset or confused. Provide him a 2nd opportunity by stating, “You stated, ____. What do you want, ______ or _____?” Sometimes I hold the “proper” choice forward or shake it to call attention to it. I also the overemphasize the “preferred” item as I state the word and whisper the non-preferred choice.
Ask early “where” questions that she can “respond to” with a point, appearance, or by obtaining an item. For example, conceal a ball in your hand and ask her where it is. Ask her where typical objects remain in your home so that she can go get them. Ask her to find member of the family by pointing or looking as you are seated around the table during meals. Have Dad or an older child model the proper responses as you ask your child. Practice these sort of jobs frequently knowing that you are developing a structure for verbal reactions.
When your child correctly “responses” with a non-verbal response, use words to explain what he did. As he’s pointing to member of the family when you’re asking, “Where’s _______,” state the family member’s name or a reaction such as, “Right there.” When he’s responding to an area concerns, use the proper words.? “Yes! It remains in the box.”
Deal with yes/no questions by providing as “options.” For instance, “Do you desire cookies– yes or no?” Shake or nod your go to cue your child as you say the words “yes” and “no” so that he can associate those gestures with words and use them if he cannot or will not say the words right now.
When he’s answering “where” concerns accurately without words, start to model spoken responses by giving two choices for more complex questions. Say, “Is your hat on your head or on your feet?” “Is the ball on the sofa or the floor?” “Is the dog eating or sleeping?” Again, use visual cues to assist him. I use an exaggerated point to assist hint the proper answer.
Higher Level Questions
For responding to concerns about current experiences, use the option approach or the review method. Ask her, “What did you do at school today?”
Use the option technique to assist produce an answer if she does not respond to your first efforts. Attempt, “Did you paint or play in sand?” Again aim to vary the order of your options so she is listening for the “proper” answer. (A little foreknowledge of what she actually did is needed for this to be reliable!).
Practice the review technique in everyday routines and especially at the ends of particular play times. Tell what you did then ask concerns. For instance, “Today we had fun with the farm, consumed Oreos, and blew whistles.” Then ask her what you did offering visual cues (pointing or holding up the objects) as she responds to.
When you can be found in from playing outdoors, have her tell Papa what she did. Start with a review of activities by saying, “We played on the slide and then on the swings.” Then have Daddy ask, “What did you play?” Model what she should address if she can’t do it.
Another fun time to practice is at meals. Evaluation what she consumed for supper by saying, “You consumed chicken, macaroni, and peas.” Then ask, “What did you eat for supper?” Point to her foods as a cue of what to respond. Fade the evaluation and pointing when she starts to answer on her own.
A really efficient way to cue answers to questions is to have one adult “ask” the child concerns and have another adult “whisper” the answers if he needs help. Fade the training as he becomes better.
For children with better language comprehension skills who understand humor, try utilizing a ridiculous option to entice her to react without echoing. You might state, “Do want to eat ice cream or poop” Overemphasize the silliness of your offer so she understands you’re kidding and gets the “humor” in this concern. (Be careful the “poop” jokes. This may capture on and be a loooong phase at your house!).
For learning to address the familiar name/age/gender questions, practice, practice, practice. An excellent way to begin working on this is to ask older children first so that your child can hear a model and it ends up being a game. I likewise ask these questions with “yes/no” choices too. “Is your name Daddy/sibling’s name/pet name/character name?” Design an exaggerated, “Noooooo” with a big head shake and smile. Ask a few “no” responses, then ask the right version.
To help children discover gender, label “boy/girl” everywhere you go. I also use children’s clothes magazines with stereotyped photos such as ladies in gowns and with long hair and boys in pants given that there are great deals of photos for practice. Make certain to?” teach” this concept for a long period of time prior to you start “testing” by asking, “Is he a boy or a girl?” You don’t wish to let a child repeatedly slip up in answering since he then “over-learns” the inaccurate reaction. Gender is frequently a difficult concept for children with language hold-ups.