Acanthosis nigricans (ah-kan-THO-sis NY-gruh-kans) is a skin condition. It causes thicker and darker spots or streaks around joints and body areas with many creases and folds (such as knuckles, armpits, elbows, knees, and the sides and back of the neck).
Some people also develop acanthosis nigricans on their palms, groin, lips, or, in extremely uncommon cases, non-crease areas like the face, back, arms, or legs. The skin may stay soft, which is why the word “velvety” is often used to explain the symptoms of acanthosis nigricans.
Acanthosis nigricans is not an infection and isn’t contagious. A few kids might have mild itching, but otherwise acanthosis nigricans is harmless. Still, a doctor will run tests to eliminate underlying causes that might need treatment.
Managing acanthosis nigricans means dealing with the conditions that are triggering the skin darkening.
Causes of Acanthosis Nigricans in Babies
Acanthosis nigricans is most typically found in children with high blood insulin levels, a condition frequently associated with kids who are obese or overweight or have diabetes.
Often acanthosis nigricans can be a warning sign of other more serious conditions, such as specific cancers and endocrine problems, together with type 2 diabetes and the health issues connected with weight problems.
In rare cases, acanthosis nigricans can be brought on by specific medicines, such as oral contraceptives and cholesterol medicine. Sometimes, it can be genetic (passed on to an individual by his or her parents).
Acanthosis nigricans is a disease that causes skin to become darker and thicker around certain parts of the body like elbows, neck armpits, knees, knuckles and inner thighs, any place the skin creases. Sometimes, acanthosis nigricans can also occur on legs, arms and face.
Symptoms of Acanthosis Nigricans in Babies
Generally, the only signs of acanthosis nigricans will be dark, thick, creamy spots of skin in creases and folds, generally in the neck, armpits, or groin. However it’s often discovered in the lips, palms, knuckles, soles of the feet, and other areas. In rare cases, children may have moderate itching in the impacted areas.
The patches of skin will generally alter color slowly, throughout months and even years. If your child’s skin modifications color quickly, call your doctor immediately. It might be a sign of a severe medical condition.
If your child develops acanthosis nigricans, see your doctor, who can determine whether there’s a serious cause. Medical professionals can usually make a diagnosis of acanthosis nigricans by having a look at the affected skin.
To test for other conditions, the doctor may purchase blood tests or an X-ray.
Treatment for Acanthosis Nigricans in Babies
The majority of cases of acanthosis nigricans just involve modifications in skin color and density, and there is no set treatment for it. For numerous kids, acanthosis nigricans needs no treatment at all; for some, the dark skin will ultimately fade by itself.
For cases of acanthosis nigricans where an underlying cause is discovered, treating the cause can make the dark spots of skin fade or disappear totally. This can mean stopping any medication that may be triggering the issue or dealing with any health concerns.
For most kids, the best treatment for acanthosis nigricans is to maintain a healthy weight and get plenty of workout. Motivate your child to eat a great diet and make healthy lifestyle options. Several research studies show that eating well and working out can assist decrease, and sometimes prevent or reverse, acanthosis nigricans.
Dealing with Acanthosis Nigricans
Acanthosis nigricans can be extremely noticeable and difficult to cover– particularly if it takes place on the neck or hands. So having it can be embarrassing for kids. They might feel awkward and might be teased by classmates.
To assist kids feel much better about their appearance, medical professionals typically prescribe creams and creams that can assist lighten the skin. Ask as numerous questions as you need to in order to understand when and how to follow the treatment strategy.
Don’t think the hype about bleaches, skin scrubs, and non-prescription exfoliating treatments– these aren’t likely to work and can irritate the skin, not to discuss waste money.
As a parent, you can do a lot to help your child manage concern and feel less ashamed. Talk honestly about acanthosis nigricans and let your child understand that he or she is not alone. Ask a doctor about regional support system or other resources that can help your child feel more positive.